Chondrosis: Symptoms and Treatment
Chondrosis is a disease of the spine, in which in its separate areas (in the neck, sternum, loins) the cartilaginous tissue degenerates into bone. Rebirth of cartilaginous tissue in the bone can be observed in the chest, causing chest chondrosis or, if the cartilage of the lumbar spine is affected — chondrosis lumbar. Although much more common in medical practice is still the chondrosis of the neck.
Until recently, doctors believed that this disease is associated with age-related changes in cartilage and bone tissue of the spine, but today this pathology is observed in very young people, which allowed specialists to assume that the development of the disease is affected by other factors.
It used to be that the cause of chondrosis of the neck or other part of the spine is the dystrophic changes occurring in the cartilages of the spine. This was associated with the age of the patients — over the years the cartilages were worn out, which led to their destruction and replacement by bone tissue. In turn, bone tissue blocked muscles and nerve endings, causing back pain.
However, not so long ago it was found that cervical chondrosis can arise due to pathologies of the neck muscles, which as a result of pathological effects become strained, causing clamps of nerve endings. This happens in those cases when a person leads a sedentary lifestyle, for a long time is in the same position (for example, working at a computer). Hypertension of the neck muscles can also be caused by using an awkward pillow during sleep for several nights. And sometimes in untrained people, the hypertension of the neck muscles develops when receiving a contrast shower.
Thoracic, lumbar and cervical chondrosis can also develop due to excessive emotional overload and regular stress. But perhaps the most common causes of this pathology are:
- vascular diseases;
- increased blood sugar concentration
- disturbance of metabolic processes in the body
- increased blood pressure.
Increase the probability of developing this pathology in a person may have existing disorders of the spine, for example, scoliosis, flat feet, back injuries. In addition, degenerative changes in certain parts of the spine are often caused by infectious pathologies and general intoxication of the body.
If we talk about the symptoms of chondrosis, then they are few. The main symptom is severe pain in the area of the damage to the cartilaginous structures of the spine. As mentioned above, the cervical section is most often affected, so the person feels severe pain in the neck with cervical chondrosis. And the pain sensations come from inside, and not from the outside — from the side of internal organs.
Accompanying chondrosis symptoms can be as follows:
- pain in the head
- Reduced vision.
In those cases where the thoracic region is affected, a person may feel pain while breathing, drawing pains in the region of the heart. Because of this, this pathology can often be confused with the pathology of the cardiovascular system, because of which the treatment of chondrosis will not be adequate and timely.
With lumbar chondrosis there is a violation of urination, problems of a sexual nature, as well as abnormalities in the work of the stomach. At the initial stages, the signs of chondrosis are not too pronounced. The disease can be characterized by a decrease in sensitivity in the affected area, aching pain, a sense of discomfort.
In those cases when acute chondrosis develops, the symptoms of the disease are severe — the pain is so strong that it does not allow a person to make active movements. Painful sensations do not pass alone. People who have chondrosis of the cervical spine often suffer from migraine headaches — unexplained pains that are not removed with conventional anesthetic drugs. To relieve the pain, they need strong pricks that their attending physician can prescribe.
Treatment of chondrosis requires a lot of effort from a person, so those who are lazy will be much more difficult to cope with the disease than those who are ready to do everything possible to recover. Treatment of chondrosis during an exacerbation is medicated. Appointed nyxes, as well as exercise therapy and physiotherapy.
Many people are interested in the question of how to treat cervical chondrosis at home. Here it should be said that in people’s ways, without using injections, chondrosis can be cured only at the initial stage of the disease.
Swimming and therapeutic massage will have a beneficial effect on the health of this disease. In addition, patients are shown physiotherapy — the method is set by the doctor, taking into account the degree of the disease. The most popular methods of physiotherapy, which are used in the treatment of chondrosis, are:
- medical baths
- paraffin applications;
Acute chondrosis, as already mentioned above, is treated exclusively medically, because it is necessary to remove the inflammatory process and to stop pain. In most cases, the treatment of chondrosis is long, and although injections are applied in courses, physiotherapy should be constant — this helps prevent the onset of exacerbations of pathology.
The following injections were most effective:
- Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
- hormonal corticosteroids;
The injections of chondroprotectors allow the restoration of damaged intervertebral disks and strengthen healthy ones. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs can remove the local inflammatory process, and injections of corticosteroids make it possible to slow the development of pathological changes in the spine. In severe cases, the surgical treatment of this disease is indicated. This treatment allows you to remove the affected tissue and thereby remove inflammation and pain.
It is important to understand that there is no simple way to get rid of the disease. We will have to spend a lot of time and energy, as well as completely change the way of life, so that the disease will forever recede.