Chronic prostatitis: symptoms and treatment
Chronic prostatitis is an inflammatory process that affects the tissues of the prostate gland and leads to a failure of its full functioning. The disease is one of the most common among disorders in the work of male genital organs.
The risk group is a male population from twenty to forty, during their peak labor, reproductive and sexual activity. Almost every tenth man at least once in his life encountered such a sexual problem.
For chronic prostatitis is characterized by alternation of periods of exacerbation and withdrawal symptoms of the disease. Many other problems not only with the genitourinary system, and other internal organs are suitable for the signs of such a disease, so when they manifest it is important to immediately consult a qualified doctor for diagnosis.
Chronic prostatitis develops over a long period of time. Quite often, this disorder proceeds without manifestation of any symptoms or with a slight expression, and is diagnosed with an accidental examination. It is difficult to treat, there is a possibility of frequent relapses.
Ways of infection:
- directly through the urethra
- with a flow of infected urine
- with movement of blood or lymph
- Transition of infection from neighboring organs
In every male body, there are pathogenic microorganisms that can trigger the progression of prostatitis. But still, not all men have such a dangerous and unpleasant ailment. This means that not only pathogenic microflora, although it serves as the main cause of pathology development, but for its activation requires favorable conditions. There are the following favorable factors for the progression of the disease:
- sedentary working conditions and inactive way of life
- frequent change of sexual partners
- premature termination of sexual intercourse, as a contraceptive
- continued abstinence from sexual relations
- close underwear;
- other inflammations of the genitourinary system
- all kinds of prostate trauma;
- bad habits;
- too fatty and high-calorie food
- persistent stress.
In the medical field, this classification of chronic prostatitis is common:
- an infectious process caused by a bacterium
- ailment is not bacterial;
- asymptomatic (regardless of the infectious process)
- stagnant. It arises from prolonged sexual abstinence.
In the stages of development of chronic prostatitis is divided into:
- exudative — accompanied by a painful feeling in the groin, scrotum, ejaculation accelerates
- alternative — the same signs are observed that at the previous stage, but with a small addition, in the form of frequent urination urination
- proliferation — ejaculation slows down and urinary jet intensity decreases
- cicatricial changes — all of the above characteristics are inherent.
Chronic prostatitis is expressed by the following symptoms:
- painful and uncomfortable sensations in the pelvic area, inguinal area, inner side of thighs, lasting from three months or more
- frequent urge to urinate;
- a sharp pain after the completion of the relief of need;
- painful erection;
- Sometimes complete absence of ejaculation;
- a sleep disorder
- degraded performance
- Itching, a feeling of cold or increased sweating of the perineum;
- skin color changes in the groin area
- a decrease in sexual desire;
- nocturnal erections;
- decreased appetite
- a constant sense of fatigue;
- a slight increase in body temperature.
Chronic prostatitis is often not expressed by any signs, why the patient does not suspect the problem, there is no timely treatment. All this can lead to a number of complications.
Complications can be:
- male infertility;
- urinary incontinence
- cysts in the prostate gland
- Prostate cancer.
Diagnosis of this disease is not difficult for the urologist. The doctor conducts:
- questioning a patient about pain or discomfort
- a general inspection of the inguinal area for rashes, secretions or irritations;
- digital finger examination of the prostate (through the rectal opening)
- Prostate secretion.
These procedures are rather unpleasant, and sometimes painful, but are the most acceptable for diagnosing this disease.
In addition, the patient will have to pass:
- general urine analysis
- a smear from the urethra
- urine for bacterial research
- a three-glass urine sample
- scraping to determine the causative agent of the disease.
Hardware diagnostics consists of:
- Prostate ultrasound — to determine the volume of the prostate gland, the presence of tumors or cysts
- uroflowmetry — to determine the rate of urine outflow. In a healthy state, the movement is — fifteen milliliters per second, with the chronic prostatitis — less than ten;
- A biopsy.
Without conducting all the above diagnostic methods, the doctor will not be able to determine how to treat chronic prostatitis.
Chronic prostatitis, although difficult to treat, but still possible, especially with timely detection.
Treatment of this disease consists of several stages:
- antibiotic therapy, which for the most part lasts several weeks, if necessary — longer;
- The course of a therapeutic massage of the prostate gland — consists of fourteen visits to the doctor
- Eliminates spasms of the prostate, stagnation of urine and outflow of secretion from the gland with the help of certain groups of drugs that only a specialist can prescribe;
- Physiotherapy consisting of microwave and laser therapy, various ultrasound methods, mud therapy and enemas with water enriched with minerals and hydrogen sulphide
- Herbal medicine. A good effect is the use of essential oil from pumpkin seeds
- surgical intervention, which is addressed only when there is a change in the size of the urethra, if there are abscesses or adenoma of the prostate.
Chronic prostatitis can be treated with folk remedies at home, but only when combined with the above methods. These therapies can reduce pain when symptoms develop, and prevent relapse.
At home, the course of the disease can be mitigated by:
- mixtures of honey and crushed pumpkin seeds
- freshly squeezed cucumber juices, beets and carrots. Use them at least five hundred milliliters per day;
- compote of pears
- broth from the roots of parsley
- rinds of ripe chestnuts;
- a celandine is present
- Coniferous baths lasting no more than twenty minutes a day.
Also speed up the recovery process will help a special diet that provides for a reduction or total rejection of certain products:
- fatty and rich meat, fish and mushroom broths
- spicy sauces and spices
- onions, garlic, horseradish, radishes, chili peppers
- milk and fermented milk products
For the prevention of chronic prostatitis, men should follow a few simple rules:
- avoid strong and prolonged hypothermia whenever possible
- try to warm up every two hours with sedentary or inactive work
- with constipation, use special agents with laxative effect
- wear only comfortable, not too narrow clothing. Especially this applies to underwear;
- lead a sexual life without frequent change of partner
- get rid of long abstinence from sexual relations
- make timely calls to doctors for suspected genital diseases of any kind
- lead a healthy lifestyle by giving up all bad habits
- normalize the regime and composition of food consumed. It is better to eat small portions, five or six times a day. Introduce in the diet a large number of fresh fruits, vegetables, meat
- perform daily exercise.
The implementation of such simple recommendations will save a man from the occurrence of such a problem as chronic prostatitis. After all, avoiding it is much easier than curing.