Eczema on the legs: symptoms and treatment
Eczema on the legs is a disease of the skin of the lower extremities, which proceeds in a chronic or acute form. For such an ailment is characterized by burning, itching and rash. The skin of people suffering from eczema is more sensitive to the influence of various stimuli. In the blood of such patients, changes in the content of immune cells can be detected.
There are endogenous and exogenous causes of eczema formation on the legs. Endogenous include:
- Neurogenic causes. They include: stress, depression, nervous, mental trauma, VSD.
- Diseases of the endocrine system: sugar, diabetes, mental trauma.
- Gastrointestinal pathologies — colitis, gastritis, ulcer, pancreatitis, cholecystitis.
- Vascular diseases and circulatory disorders — varicosity, thrombophlebitis
- Prolonged infectious diseases.
- Changes in climate, the effect of high or low temperatures.
- Using synthetic or wool clothing
- The effect of allergens.
- Fungal diseases on the skin of the legs.
- Injuries, scratches, wounds.
Eczema in the leg area, flowing in the acute stage, is accompanied by reddening of the skin and the formation of small reddish nodules on the toes. These formations increase in size, and after they are filled with liquid.
If you look at the photo, then after the opening of these bubbles in their place, there are microerosions. They are called eczematous wells. After the fluid has flowed out, it begins to dry out and causes skin peeling, crusting.
The acute stage is characterized by severe itching. Affected areas have no boundaries, so they often alternate with a healthy area of the skin. The best way to show the presented processes will be photos of eczema on the legs. Rashes can affect not only the area of the legs, but also affect the face, hands, and also the entire body.
The presented ailment can arise because of varicose veins or venous insufficiency. It affects eczema most often those people who lead a sedentary lifestyle, is overweight. This kind of disease is localized near the sites with dilated veins. As a rule, these are ankles or ankles.
Because of the disturbed circulation of the lower limbs, eczema heals very slowly, trophic ulcers and open wounds can occur. Such a disease can cause complications, such as an inflammatory process.
There are the following types of eczema on the legs:
- True. Her photo shows the state of «boiled» skin. It can occur in acute or chronic form.
- Acute idiopathic. It appears suddenly and is accompanied by classical manifestations with the formation of vesicles, severe itching. The duration of such a disease is 2-6 months.
- Chronic. She begins to worry during the period of exacerbation. Characterized by the swelling of the skin, opening vesicles with the formation of erosion. During exacerbations, clinical manifestations are absent. There is only a strong itching.
- Dyshidrotic. This ailment affects the area of the feet. There is a large number of bubbles with a dense surface. This form of eczema is characterized by the attachment of a secondary infection, so it is very difficult to cure it using ointments and other medications. In most cases, the dyshidrotic form of eczema is accompanied by a chronic course.
- Dry. It is characterized by atypical symptoms, but it affects mostly elderly people. Is manifested in the form of cracks, peeling. Such a disease provides qualitative diagnosis with a variety of dermatitis.
- Wetting. Eczema affects large areas of skin and focuses on the bends of large joints. For such a form of illness characterized by the formation of extensive erosion, accompanied by severe burning and itching.
How to treat eczema on the feet? This issue today does not lose relevance, since for every kind of this disease there are effective methods of therapy.
Such a disease occurs due to dry skin and the appearance of cracks on it. Treatment of dry eczema on the legs involves the use of a moisturizing ointment, which includes such components:
- glycolic acid;
- lactic acid;
Corticosteroid ointments help cure the inflammatory process at the initial stage of the disease. In order to protect against exacerbation, you must follow a strict diet. You can not use the following products:
- red apples
Limit the use of perishable semi-finished products and products.
During the period of exacerbation, one must completely forget about alcohol, coffee and tea. Such patients are allowed to use:
- Lenten meat
- fresh vegetables, which contain carotene, B9, PP and B1
With dry eczema, effective ointments such as Celestoderm, Fluorocort or Flucinar. These ointments help to eliminate itching, inflammation, speed up the regeneration of the skin. If all the conditions are met, you will soon be able to purify the body from within, and forget about such a disease as dry eczema.
Microbial and wetting
Therapy of microbial eczema involves the following action plan:
- Retinol ointments;
- hyposensitizing therapy
- UV irradiation
- use of mud.
For wetting eczema treatment involves the use of aerosols and lotions. Do not wash affected areas of skin with soap and water. To cleanse the skin, vegetable oils should be used. This is especially true in the winter, when you want to wear warm shoes. Socks should be chosen from cotton fabric. To achieve a positive result in treatment, an integrated approach is needed: to apply ointments, to maintain a diet, to use medicines, to eliminate contact with the irritant.
Curing wet eczema is possible with the help of such folk remedy as potatoes:
- Wash and clean the vegetable.
- Cut into thin slices and attach to the affected areas on the legs.
- You can grate potatoes and add honey.
- Apply the resulting mixture to the wetting areas and hold for 2 hours.
Eczema on the legs is a very serious disease, the symptoms of which bring constant discomfort to the patient. To forever forget about this unpleasant ailment, it is necessary to apply effective remedies for the disease in the complex.