Erosive gastritis: symptoms and treatment
Erosive gastritis — one of the most common diseases of the digestive tract, which is characterized by the occurrence of erosion on the mucous membrane of the stomach. The main difference between this type of disease and ordinary gastritis is the presence of a large number of prone areas of the mucosa, a change in its color, a strong redness and inflammation.
Erosive gastritis can occur in acute or chronic form. In the first case, unpleasant symptoms cause bad food or toxic substances to enter the stomach, and the second form occurs when the normal functioning of the digestive system is disturbed.
In addition, from other types of gastritis, the erosive type differs also in that it takes a long time, and more time is needed to treat it. As it spreads, erosive neoplasms can cover all parts of the mucous membrane of the stomach and thereby cause an intense manifestation of symptoms. The most common is chronic or erosive antral gastritis.
According to medical statistics, this disease occurs several times more often in men than in women, and in childhood is extremely rare. Every third patient is prone to bleeding, and in some cases, hemorrhages can be so severe that they cause death. The main symptoms of erosive gastritis, in addition to constant nausea with bouts of vomiting, is the presence of blood impurities in the vomit and stool. Diagnosis is carried out with the help of a set of tools and apparatus research of the patient. The treatment is carried out with medicines and a specially formulated diet with an erosive gastritis.
Erosive gastritis has many favorable factors for emergence, which can be not only external, but also internal. The main reasons for expressing this disorder are:
- long-term use of certain medications, so before using them, you should carefully read the instructions and side effects
- excessive addiction to alcoholic beverages
- long-term stress effects
- narcotic intoxication of the body
- impaired functioning or complete removal of the thyroid gland
- chronic disorders of the respiratory, cardiovascular, kidney and liver organs
- unbalanced mode and poor nutrition
- the impact of Helicobacter pylori, as well as other bacteria, parasites and microorganisms
- harmful living or working conditions
- hormonal imbalance
- Oncological neoplasm in the stomach;
- a blood flow disorder in the mucosa of this organ.
Depending on what factors have become pathogens, erosive gastritis happens:
- Primary — manifested in practically healthy middle-aged people. Is manifested due to psychological trauma, living in cities with polluted air or near plants
- secondary — emerging against the background of chronic human diseases.
There are several types in which this disease can be expressed:
- Acute ulcerative gastritis — occurs due to injuries or burns. It is distinguished by the presence of a blood admixture in vomiting and stools;
- chronic erosive gastritis — is a complication from chronic diseases. For the course of this species is characterized by a change in exacerbations and deviations of signs of the disorder. Neoplasms can reach up to 7 mm in length;
- erosive antral gastritis — derived from the lower part of the stomach and is the most common form of a disease caused by bacteria and microorganisms
- erosive reflux gastritis is the most severe form of ailment. It is characterized by the formation of large-sized ulcers, and with the running flow exfoliated tissues come out together with vomiting
- erosive hemorrhagic gastritis — a complicated course of the underlying disorder that causes bleeding, in rare cases they can be so strong that they lead to the death of a person.
Erosive gastritis, by its characteristics, is practically no different from other types of such an ailment — only the appearance of blood impurities in vomit masses and feces speaks about this disease. The main symptoms of erosive gastritis:
- painful spasms in the stomach — at the initial stages of manifestation may be insignificant, but the more ulcers are formed, the more soreness will be;
- the occurrence of severe heartburn, which may not always be associated with eating;
- Significant weight loss of the patient
- Constant heaviness in the stomach
- constipation, alternating with diarrhea or vice versa. A characteristic feature will be the presence of blood in the stools;
- burping with an unpleasant aftertaste;
- dryness and bitterness in the mouth
- increased pain after eating, or, conversely, during prolonged starvation
- gastric bleeding — this will be indicated by a change in the color of the stool, it will turn black;
- Decrease or total loss of appetite
Chronic erosive gastritis is asymptomatic. The first sign, after which a person needs to see a specialist, is the presence of an admixture of blood in the stool and vomiting.
If you do untimely or incomplete treatment of erosive gastritis, a person can develop the following consequences in the form:
- shock state
- reducing the level of red blood cells in the blood;
- the occurrence of peptic ulcer
- deformation of the structure of the mucous membrane of this organ
- infection with microorganisms
When diagnosing erosive gastritis, it is very important to distinguish this disease from other disorders, which are also characterized by bleeding in the stomach. Among them:
- Oncological neoplasms
- varicose veins in the esophagus
- a wide range of injuries;
- Chemical burns.
Diagnostic measures for such a disease should be carried out especially carefully. They consist of:
- detailed information about what could have caused the illness, for example, a chronic disorder, exposure to alcohol or drugs, and what discomfort symptoms of erosive gastritis concern the patient and the degree of their intensity;
- Biochemical blood test to detect comorbidities or complications
- studies of stool for the presence of blood impurities in them
- bacteriological examination of stool and vomit — for detection of bacteria or parasites
- EGDS is the method by which an internal examination of the digestive tract is performed using a flexible probe. A procedure is performed to confirm the presence of bleeding and neoplasm to make a complete picture of their size;
- Radiography of the stomach with a contrast agent
After receiving all the test results and studies, the doctor determines the form of the disorder and how to treat an erosive gastritis.
Therapy of this disorder should consist only of a set of tools, which consists of:
- Drug therapy
- folk medicine
- A special diet.
Treatment of erosive gastritis with medicines is aimed at eliminating the symptoms of the disease. Often appoint:
- substances that relieve painful spasms
- Anti-inflammatory drugs
- drugs that bring stomach acidity back to normal
- Enzymes — to facilitate digestion processes
- drugs that help restore the integrity of the mucosa
- drugs that reduce the concentration of aggressive acid;
- antibacterial agents
- Haemostatic substances
Treatment of erosive gastritis folk remedies combines:
- tincture of propolis and sea buckthorn oil
- egg whites that need to be ingested;
- a decoction of centaury and mint;
- a medicine made from honey, aloe leaves, cocoa and animal fat
- decoction from a mixture of flowers of calendula and a daisy;
- infusion of honey and olive oil
- tea with hips and fennel.
The use of traditional methods of therapy can only be done after the appointment of the attending physician. Such remedies should not be the only way of treatment. Together with medicines, folk remedies will give results in a few weeks of use.
Diet with erosive gastritis of the stomach consists of:
- a balanced and vitamin-enriched diet;
- small meals, six times a day
- refusal of salty, spicy and fatty foods
- ban on alcoholic beverages, fresh, strong coffee
- restrictions on the consumption of baked goods. You can only eat dried bread;
- eating only low-fat meat or fish, cooked without adding oil or cooked;
- the use of warm food — it should in no case be too hot
- cooking porridges and soups on water or vegetable broth
- reception in any number of compotes.
It is worth noting that without observing a special diet, medication will not give the expected result.
In order for a person to never have problems with the stomach in the form of erosive gastritis, it is necessary:
- Eat right and balanced. Eat foods rich in vitamins and other nutrients;
- clearly organize the regime of the day, leave enough time for a quiet meal and a full rest
- completely abandon addiction;
- Avoid any exposure or trauma to the digestive system
- timely treatment of chronic diseases;
- Avoid stress situations wherever possible
- undergo a preventive examination at a medical facility several times a year.