Fibroma of the uterus: symptoms and treatment
Fibroids of the uterus are mature benign tumors, characterized by connective tissue structure and location in the area of the uterine wall. Fibroids of the uterus, the symptoms of which are directly related to the increase in its size, is diagnosed by a standard gynecological examination, ultrasound, CT and MRI.
A fibroid type of tumor can form in any organ. Thus, the most frequent areas of education are ovaries, mammary glands, skin and uterus. When considering uterine fibroids in particular, there is a single seal in it or the presence of nodal clusters. The course of the disease is asymptomatic, the character is gradual.
As for the amount of education, it can be a diameter of a few millimeters to several centimeters. It is noteworthy that uterine fibroids in very rare cases are prone to subsequent malignancy.
Classification of uterine fibroids
The classification is determined based on the specific location of the fibroid in the uterus. In particular, the following types of concentration are distinguished:
- Fibroma submucosal. Their growth occurs under the membrane of the uterine cavity, while the growth process provokes the emergence of characteristic pains and spasms. Often, bleeding occurs.
- Fibroids are serous. Formed from the outside of the outer shell of the uterus. Tumors of this type develop without any symptoms until they reach the dimensions that impede the functioning of the neighboring organs.
- Interstitial fibroids. This is a type of uterine tumors that form directly in the walls of this organ. The most common form of gynecology is fibroids, due to the growth of which there is an increase in the size of the uterus.
- Interconnected fibromas. The localization of this type of fibrosis centers in the area between the supporting uterine ligaments. When removing this type of tumor, there is a serious risk of damage to other types of organs, as well as blood vessels.
- Fibroids are stalked. This type of formation appears due to the formation of the podseroznyh tumors legs. The growth of this type of fibroma occurs with the kink of the leg, which is accompanied by the appearance of severe pain.
- Fibromata are parasitic. In this case, we are talking about joining other organs of a fibroid tumor, which in some cases provokes the development of cervical fibroids.
Fibroids of the uterus: symptoms
In most cases, women with uterine fibroids do not face any symptoms provoked by this formation, they often do not need treatment at all. At the same time, every fourth patient of childbearing age experiences sufficiently pronounced symptoms of having fibroids. The location, number, size and type of fibroids determine the specific symptoms in each individual case.
Among the most common symptoms are the following manifestations:
- Prolonged and profuse bleeding. They can also be accompanied by painful sensations in combination with blood clots.
- Anemia is accompanied by symptoms such as dizziness, low blood pressure, severe weakness, rapid fatigue, trembling of the hands), which requires urgent medical attention (generally manifested in different intensity variants, in this case has a pronounced character,
- Pressure, pelvic pain. These manifestations arise because of the pressure exerted on the pelvic fibroid region.
- The pain that arises in the back of the legs. Here, again, the painful syndrome arises because of the pressure exerted by fibroma on the pelvic region and, accordingly, the legs.
- Pressure in the bladder area. This symptom provokes the need for more urination, urinary retention or incontinence
- Pressure in the intestine. Due to this symptom, constipation and flatulence can occur.
- Lower back pain.
- An enlarged abdomen, often mistakenly attributed to pregnancy or weight gain.
- Feeling of fullness, pressure in the lower abdomen.
- Pain during sexual intercourse
In addition to the listed symptoms, uterine fibroid can also provoke a violation in the reproductive function, leading to infertility or premature birth.
Treatment of uterine fibroid
In some cases, removal of the uterus is required. For women who aspire to its preservation, and also to the subsequent planning of pregnancy, the use of methods of minimally invasive treatment, as well as treatment with conservative myomectomy, is envisaged. Drugs that block progesterone receptors and gonadotropin agonists are widely used, including drugs of a different type.
Among the main methods aimed at treatment of uterine fibroids are also procedures such as organ-preserving surgery, conservative laparoscopy and laparotomy, myomectomy, hysteroresectoscopy, myomectomy and supravaginal amputation of the uterus.
For the diagnosis, as well as the appointment of appropriate treatment should be observed in a gynecologist or a gynecologist-endocrinologist.