Fibromyoma of the uterus: symptoms and treatment

Fibromyoma of the uterus is a benign tumor that forms in the muscular layer of the uterus. It consists of the formation of muscle structures and connective tissue. Fibromyoma of the uterus has its own developmental features.

So, it can not only increase in size, but also completely without a trace disappear during menopause. If the tumor has a small size, then it can for a long time not show signs of its presence in the body of a woman. Also, it may not increase at all. Active growth can provoke a number of unfavorable factors, such as stagnation of blood in a small pelvis, scraping and so on. This tumor most often affects women after 30 years.

The size of education varies from small to huge, filling the entire abdominal cavity of a woman. The tumor is located mainly on the body or the womb.


There are a number of factors that increase the risk of developing uterine fibroids:

  • persistent stressful situations
  • long-term exposure of the woman to the UFO;
  • abortion;
  • inflammatory pathologies of the reproductive system
  • long-term contraceptive use
  • heredity;
  • failure of the immune system
  • cysts
  • Lack of birth due to anovulation up to 30-35 years old
  • transferred infectious ailments
  • blood congestion in the small pelvis
  • hormonal imbalance;
  • extragenital pathologies
  • CNS disorders.


The tumor grows in three stages:

  1. At the first stage, a specific growth zone is formed in the myometrium (next to microvessels), in which metabolism is actively carried out;
  2. In the second stage, the tumor actively begins to develop, its cells are not identified. Determine the presence of a node can be microscopic;
  3. At the third stage, the tumor is already beginning to grow expansively. Her growth is rapid. By its structures, it evenly begins to move the tissues that are located next to it. As a result, they become more dense and form a kind of capsule.


Depending on the site of localization of nodules, as well as the nature of growth, fibroids are divided into:

  • diffuse form. In this case, the tumor grows rather slowly and the formation of nodes does not occur;
  • nodal fibroids of the uterus. This form is characterized by the formation of pathological nodules;
  • Interstitial fibromyoma
  • submucous;
  • subserous;
  • Interconnection.

Classification of proliferative activity:

  1. simple myoma. This is the simplest form of pathology, which has no pronounced proliferation. The growth of pathological education is slow. Its removal, as a rule, is not required. It dissolves under the influence of drugs;
  2. myoma proliferating. This is a benign entity with all the characteristic features of it — myotic division is rapid, cells grow without atypia
  3. Presence. Such a tumor has many atypical elements. It must be removed as soon as possible. Symptoms of the pathology are expressed very clearly. Most often, if this species evolved, the uterus is also removed during the operation.


Fibromyoma of the uterus can be completely asymptomatic, especially if its size is small. If the tumor grows rather quickly and starts to press on surrounding tissues, then the following symptoms are observed:

  • the belly grows in size
  • The monthly go on for a long time. Alloculations are abundant and blood clots can be noted in them
  • Anemia develops. This is due to the fact that during a menses the woman loses a lot of blood (a characteristic symptom)
  • apathy;
  • general weakness;
  • dizziness;
  • Lack of appetite
  • constipation and bloating
  • pain in the back and legs
  • pain in the lower abdomen;
  • a woman feels constant pressure on the pelvis
  • Discomfort and sometimes even pain are noted during sexual intercourse

Fibromyoma and pregnancy

Pregnancy in uterine fibroids can occur if the nodes are localized intramural. If the nodes are located under the mucosa, then you can not become pregnant.

Often, pregnancy in the presence of this ailment can result in miscarriage. In extremely rare cases, a woman can be born on a term of 38 weeks. Future mothers should be under the control of their attending physician, since throughout the entire pregnancy the risk of interruption remains. The cause of this may be a hemorrhage or necrosis of nodes.

With the arrangement of nodes in the lower segment of the uterus, there is no way to give birth naturally. In this case, only a caesarean section is performed to save the life of the mother and the baby.


If a woman has symptoms of progression of this pathology, she should immediately seek qualified medical help. Such a disease is dangerous not only for health, but for the life of the patient. In addition, the sooner the treatment is started, the greater the chance that it will be effective.

To conduct an accurate diagnosis of pathology, basic and additional techniques are used. This approach to the survey makes it possible to accurately determine the location of the fibroids, to clarify its size, structure.

The standard diagnostic program includes:

  1. anamnesis;
  2. assessment of patient complaints, clarification of symptoms
  3. Inspection;
  4. bimanual gynecological examination
  5. Colposcopy
  6. smears on the flora
  7. UAC
  8. OAM
  9. coagulogram
  10. blood biochemistry
  11. Ultrasound;
  12. sonography
  13. MSG
  14. hysteroscopy


If the symptoms of fibroids are not expressed, then the doctor can offer a «waiting» tactic. Its essence lies in the fact that the patient periodically visits the doctor for examination, and that he can assess the tendency of tumor growth.

If the symptoms of the pathology are expressed quite clearly, then the following methods of conservative treatment of uterine fibroids are used:

  • taking medications: NPCs, hormones, and contraceptives
  • EMA. This is a non-surgical technique that allows you to save organs. Its essence is to block the flow of blood through the vessels that feed pathological formations.

Most often, doctors resort to surgery, as the most effective method, but with a radical method of treatment. To date, surgeons use two types of surgical intervention — hysterectomy and myomectomy. Hysterectomy is an operation during which the uterus is completely removed. Myomectomy is a more gentle operation, since in this case only the pathological nodes are removed. The body itself is preserved and continues to perform all its functions.

Doctors use surgery if the conservative methods did not have the desired effect, and the tumor growth did not stop. It is worth noting and the fact that not always during the operation it is possible to save the uterus. If the tumor is large or formed a little, then it is required to remove the formations along with the uterus.

Traditional medicine

Traditional medicine also has a mass of recipes that should help treat the uterine fibroids. But it should be noted that all folk remedies can be used only as an additional therapy to the basic treatment plan. Any such remedy should be agreed with your doctor. Since what has come to one person does not always fit the second. An uncontrolled reception of folk remedies can only aggravate the course of pathology.

Folk remedies for the treatment of fibroids:

  1. potato juice
  2. Birch tar;
  3. Propolis
  4. Perga.


To protect the body from the development of a disease such as uterine fibroid, a number of activities should be carried out, which include:

  • Maintaining a healthy lifestyle
  • treatment of inflammatory and infectious ailments
  • competent therapy of gynecological ailments

  • Complete exclusion of abortions.