Fibromyoma: Symptoms and Treatment
Fibromioma is a benign formation that consists of fibrous tissue and muscle structures. Its main features are that it does not pass to nearby tissues and grows rather slowly. The weight of the formed knot can be from several tens of grams to several kilograms. Fibromiomas can occur in both men and women. But it is worth noting the fact that in the beautiful half of humanity they occur much more often.
Fibromiomas are predominantly formed in women from 30 to 40 years of age. But in recent years there has been a rapid «rejuvenation» of pathology. Now the tumor can develop even in women over 20 years of age. Physicians explain this trend by the fact that now the negative impact on the woman’s body has significantly increased. All this is directly related to the environment. But also it is not necessary to exclude also mechanical factors — abortions (especially out-of-hospital), various surgical interventions which can damage internal and external genitals. All this also adversely affects the health and may cause the progression of fibroids.
Women most often develop breast, uterus, and also ovarian fibroids. Depending on the location of the pathological process, the symptoms may be slightly different. But the reasons for the progression of benign education, as a rule, are the same in all cases.
A peculiar impetus to the development of fibroids is a certain hormonal failure. Also, clinicians distinguish several more main factors contributing to the progression of pathology:
- blood flow disorders in the small pelvis
- failure in the functioning of the ovaries
- infertility caused by abnormalities in the operation of the ovaries, abnormalities in the uterus and the like;
- Infectious inflammation of the ovaries, uterus, fallopian tubes
- disorders in the cardiovascular system
- genetic predisposition to develop cancerous ailments
- Other background diseases
Fibromioma of the breast is formed due to the rapid growth of muscle and connective tissue. As a result, a tight knot forms in the chest, which is not painful when palpated. The main reasons for the progression of this pathology is hereditary factor, hormonal failure in the body, as well as permanent psychoemotional stresses.
At the first stages of the formation of a benign education, a woman can completely not detect any symptoms. Identify the presence of a seal in the chest can only be done with palpation. About the fact that it was formed fibromioma, they say the following symptoms:
- Generally, only one swelling is observed;
- when probing the seal is mobile and has dimensions not more than 1-5 cm;
- pain syndrome is not observed.
Fibromioma of the mammary gland can be of several types: leaf-shaped, pericanalicular and intracanalicular. It is worth noting that only the leafy form of fibroids can degenerate into a malignant tumor with time (in the absence of competent treatment).
Diagnosis of this pathology makes it difficult that the neoplasm does not cause any anxiety to the woman. Therefore, she does not notice him for a long time. Only after its size becomes quite large, the soreness of the breast before menstruation can be observed. It is important to regularly perform self-examination of the breast, so that if there is a suspicion of the development of fibroids, immediately consult a doctor. The diagnosis is confirmed by personal examination, palpation, based on ultrasound data.
Treatment of fibroids is surgical. The formed tumor is excised through a small incision, after which a cosmetic suture is applied. After its removal there are no scars left, and the aesthetic appearance of the breast does not suffer. If there is no possibility to perform surgical treatment, then in this case doctors resort to another method — conservative. The patient is prescribed hormonal and non-hormonal drugs.
Fibromyoma of the uterus
In the case of this pathology, the muscular layer of the uterus is affected. Medical statistics are such that uterine fibroids are found in 70% of patients. The danger of the disease is that due to common etiopathogenetic mechanisms, in most clinical situations the tumor develops simultaneously with the hyperplastic processes of the endometrium. This condition is extremely dangerous for the woman’s body, as it is the background for the further development of cancer.
Predisposing factors to the development of pathology:
- complications in childbirth
- installation and continued wearing of the IUD;
- abortions in the history;
For a long time, the uterine fibroids can go on without a single symptom. But as the tumor grows, the following symptoms begin to appear:
- uterine bleeding;
- pain in the lower abdomen;
- the duration of menstruation increases, while the allocation becomes abundant;
- urination is broken.
If these symptoms occur, it is recommended that you consult your doctor as soon as possible to diagnose and prescribe the correct course of treatment. With the diagnostic purpose is assigned:
- diagnostic curettage followed by histological examination of the scrapes obtained.
The doctor also carries out a vaginal examination. If a woman progresses fibromioma, the uterus will be enlarged in size, its consistence is dense, palpation will be felt for nodes.
Treatment of fibroids can be both conservative and operable. Conservative treatment is resorted to if the size of the fibroids does not exceed eight weeks. Such medications are prescribed:
- pure gestagens
- combined oral contraceptives
An operative treatment of fibroids can be carried out both with the preservation of the organs of the reproductive system of a woman, and with their removal (the uterus is removed, but the ovaries remain). All depends on the complexity of the course of the disease, as well as on the size of the formed tumor.
Ovarian fibroids also consist of fibrous and muscular tissue. This pathology is extremely rare. Pathological education develops rather slowly and at the first stages of development of symptoms does not manifest. Fibromioma of the ovary is located on the stalk. As a rule, only one ovary is affected. Bilateral defeat is extremely rare.
When forming an ovarian fibroids up to 3 cm in diameter, no symptoms are observed. The functions of the ovary are not violated. The first signs appear when the tumor increases in size and begins to press on adjacent organs.
- frequent pain in the lower abdomen
- bloating, shortness of breath.
Diagnosis of the ailment involves examining the patient, vaginal examination, and ultrasound (the most informative method). Conservative treatment of pathology is not carried out, since this tumor can not be resorbed. Treatment should only be prompt. The removal of the formation is carried out by laparoscopic method. Fibromioma is removed immediately with the capsule, which makes it possible to preserve both the menstrual and generative function of the ovary.
Treatment of fibromyoma with the help of folk remedies can be carried out only in tandem with medical therapy. Rely only on herbs and broths in any case impossible. You can use any folk remedies only after consulting your doctor.
Effective folk remedies used for treatment at home:
- birch tar;
- potato juice
Specific prevention, which could save a woman from the development of fibroids, does not exist. But if you adhere to the following measures, you can reduce the risk of pathology:
- rational mode of life
- timely detection and treatment of infectious diseases
- Elimination of abortions;
- correction of hormonal disorders
- correct and complete treatment of existing gynecological diseases