Helicobacter pylori: symptoms and treatment
Helicobacter pylori is a bacterium that lives in the human gastrointestinal tract and provokes the development of dangerous diseases — gastritis, ulcer, helicobacteriosis. According to statistics, 2/3 of the world’s population are carriers of this microorganism. It should be noted and the fact that Helicobacter pylori for today is the only bacterium that easily survives in the aggressive environment of the stomach.
In the absence of treatment, helikobakterioz can cause gastric cancer. In the main risk group, people over 60.
For today in the official medicine there is no exact etiological picture. Helicobacter pylori infection is most often transmitted orally. In addition, it is necessary to identify and such ways of transmission of Helicobacter pylori infection:
- with close physical contact
- in case of poor quality processing of medical equipment and instruments (endoscope, enema)
- using shared utensils
- when coughing, sneezing
- non-observance of basic rules of personal hygiene
The cause of the development of the infectious process can be the consumption of poorly-purified vegetables and fruits. As medical practice shows, most often the reason for the development of Helicobacteriosis is precisely the failure to observe personal hygiene rules.
The bacterium enters the human body by oral or fecal-oral route. Despite the action of hydrochloric acid in the stomach, the bacterium does not die. Helicobacter pylori easily moves around the stomach, can be attached to its walls. Penetrating into the mucous membranes, the bacterium begins to destroy tissues, thereby causing certain pathological processes.
This bacterium leads to such diseases:
- stomach cancer
- The ailments of the endocrine system.
Clinicians note that in some cases Helicobacteriosis may cause coronary heart disease.
At the initial stage, the symptoms of pathological activity Helicobacter pylori are almost completely absent. As practice shows, the clinical picture can manifest only in the period of strong weakening of the immune system, from the experience of stress or a strong nervous shock.
Symptoms of Helicobacter are as follows:
- stomach pain that can be given to the chest area
- nausea and vomiting
- increased metabolism
- feeling of fullness of the stomach, even with little food intake
- belching, heartburn;
- prolonged constipation or vice versa — loose stools
- bad breath.
In more rare cases, a patient may have a rash on his face. At the same time, it should be noted that such symptoms do not always indicate helicobacteriosis.
It is noted that the pain in the stomach can disappear after eating and vice versa — increase after consumption of fatty meat dishes.
Do self-medication and resort to the help of traditional medicine or other dubious means, not worth it. According to one clinical picture alone, an accurate diagnosis can not be made. At the first symptoms it is better to consult a gastroenterologist.
If Helicobacter pylori treatment is started on time, serious complications can be avoided. Moreover, the risk of re-infection and the development of Helicobacteriosis is virtually eliminated.
As for possible complications, such ailments can develop:
- chronic or atrophy gastritis
- stomach ulcers or duodenal ulcers
- stomach cancer
- endocrine diseases that are caused by the destruction of the epithelium in the stomach.
Therefore, one should not resort to independent treatment of Helicobacteriosis with folk remedies. It is better to seek qualified medical help.
The heliobacter pylori regimen is prescribed only after a comprehensive diagnosis. In this case, both laboratory and instrumental research methods are used.
The standard program for laboratory analysis of Helicobacter pylori is as follows:
- analysis of stool;
- Helicobacter blood test
- antibody test
The analysis of blood on Helicobacter allows not only to establish or disprove the diagnosis, but also to detect a possible cause of the disease.
As for the instrumental methods of research, these methods are used:
- Helicobacteriosis respiratory test
- FGDS study
- analysis of the PRC;
- Ultrasound of the abdominal cavity.
If it is not possible to put an exact diagnosis on the basis of the above-mentioned methods of research, then the methods of differential diagnosis are applied.
The respiratory test allows you to determine the number of bacteria in the human body. The norm of Helicobacter pylori is 5 units.
The treatment regimens depend on the etiologic factor, the analysis of Helicobacter pylori and the general condition of the patient.
How to treat Helicobacter pylori correctly can only say a competent specialist. Use advice from friends or folk remedies is strongly discouraged. As a rule, treatment with Helicobacter pylori is prescribed for long-term antibiotics. In addition, the patient must adhere to the diet.
A doctor can prescribe such drugs:
Only the doctor prescribes the dosage and the regimen.
It should be noted that prolonged treatment with antibiotics leads to disruption of the microflora. Therefore, after passing the course of antibiotics, prescribe drugs to restore microflora and prevent dysbacteriosis.
Treatment Helicobacter pylori implies strict adherence to the diet. Completely excluded for the period of treatment:
- spicy and fried foods
- pickled dishes
- carbonated water and sweet drinks
It should be eaten in small portions, but often. Preference is given to dishes cooked for a couple. It is best if the patient is to eat 5-6 times a day, thoroughly chewing food.
In some cases, the doctor can prescribe a diet plan individually.
Use the traditional medicine for Helicobacteriosis can be, but only on the instructions of the doctor and for preventive purposes. Otherwise, you can only exacerbate the course of the disease.
You can use such folk remedies:
- infusion of leaves of cowberries and pear flowers
- Propolis alcohol tincture
- Calendula and St. John’s wort;
- A tincture from the root of elecampane.
As medical research has shown, treatment with folk remedies for Helicobacteriosis does not bring such a positive result as in the treatment with antibiotics.
Since the infection in most cases is transmitted from a sick person to a healthy person, one should strictly adhere to the rules of personal hygiene.
In practice, you can apply such simple rules:
- exclude smoking and minimize alcohol consumption
- Do not use other people’s dishes, personal care items
- After visiting public places, the toilet should be washed with soap and water.
There is no vaccination against this disease. But, if we adhere to the rules of prevention, then we can practically exclude the development of a pathological process in a healthy organism.