Itchy clitoris — what can it be?

The itchy clitoris is rarely the only symptom of some disorder in a female body. Most often it is associated with discomfort in the other external sex organs and vagina.

Non-specific causes

  • Improper personal hygiene

Both improper personal hygiene and excessive hygiene will be predisposing factors for discomfort in the intimate area. Female genitals are populated with conditionally pathogenic bacteria which prevent infections and their removal will only increase the risk of the pathology.

The itchy clitoris may also occur due to certain body care products and synthetic underwear.

No specific treatment is required in this case. In some situations, vaginal suppositories are used to restore normal vaginal flora. However, usually it is sufficient to shower more often, use hypoallergic body care products and choose the underwear made of natural materials.

  • Hormonal changes

Hormonal imbalance may cause discomfort in the genitals. Typically the itchy clitoris occurs in pregnancy . This is especially true for the late stages and the itchiness spreads to the whole groin area. The itchy clitoris in pregnancy is caused by hormonal imbalance and bacterial vaginosis and that contributes to inflammation. As a result the genital vessels are filled with blood and the clitoris becomes very sensitive.

Elderly women often complain about the itchy clitoris as the level of estrogen in the blood is significantly reduced and it causes dryness of the mucous membranes. This condition is called atrophic vulvovaginitis.

Genital itching may be an individual reaction of a woman on menstruations. It does not occur often and usually itching disappears at the last day of menstruations.

  • Allergic reactions

Allergic clitoris irritation may be caused by local allergens and as a result of a systemic body response.

Local factors:

  1. Body care products;
  2. Washing detergent;
  3. Synthetic underwear;
  4. Genital piercing;
  5. Loss of heat;
  6. Medical ointments and creams.

Systemic factors:

  1. Food;
  2. Chemical substances;

When allergens enter the body, the symptoms occur everywhere but not only in the intimate area. Alongside itching and burning, the symptoms include rash and edema.

Allergens on skin and mucous membranes cause local irritation.

The treatment is oriented at the of the allergen, use of ointments with antihistamines in local affections and systematic use of antihistamines in general impact of the allergen on the body.

Infectious disease

  • Syphilis

The burning and itchy clitoris may occur during the first stage when a hard chancre appears. Infectious sores may localize everywhere in the genital area depending on the spot affected by the causative agent.

Disappearance and healing of the sore do not indicate recovery. The disease may transfer to a latent condition and some time later appears again in the form of a rash. The earlier the treatment of syphilis begins, the fewer consequences a person may have. For this reason, if you noticed any sores in the genital area, immediately visit a doctor.

  • Trichomoniasis, gonorrhea, ureaplasmosis, clamidiosis

In many sexually transmitted disease patients have a common complaint about the itchy clitoris and it is explained that all these diseases have one and the symptom – discharge. The discharge may have different color and smell but in all the cases it leads to the irritation in the genital area and clitoris.

The treatment of sexually transmitted diseases must be under a strict control of a doctor. Today a therapy allows to get rid of any discomfort and prevent further propagation of the infection. A sexual partner should also undergo a preventive treatment.

  • Genital herpes

In herpetic infection the clitoris is itchy and it is burning because of the bubbles which appear on the skin and then they pop.

The disease develops when there are infection resistance problems and the therapy is aimed at relieving the symptoms. Acyclovir and its analogues are used to cure herpes but unfortunately full recovery is not possible.

Vulvar lichen sclerosis

This pathology is characterized by chronic inflammation of the skin. In women localization of the infection is apogenital area. The disease relates to autoimmune processes in the body, however precise reasons are not known yet.

For a long time this disease may be symptom-free. The very first symptom is a very intensive itching in the clitoris . Depending on the severity of the disease, the itching may be mild or intolerable. The concomitant symptoms are pain owing to fissures and discomfort and pain during a sexual intercourse.

Typical signs:

  • shiny and corrugated skin in the affected area;
  • only the external sex organs are affected;
  • white plaques with inflammatory cap;
  • edema;
  • bubbles (addition to the concomitant pathology).

The methods of diagnostics include:

  • vulvar biopsy;
  • immunology;
  • bacterial flora tests.

As the etiology of the disease is close associated with autoimmune processes in the body, the treatment necessarily includes corticosteroids. They are used topically and systematically. The alternative medications are retinoids and calcineurin inhibitor. If the disease is caused by excessive loads on the nervous system, sedative medications are indicated. Surgical interference is required if scars and adhesions occurred.

Complications develop in the absence of the adequate therapy:

  • psychological disorders due to the feeling of one’s own deficiency;
  • discomfort during sex;
  •  keloid scars;
  • deformation of the vulva and clitoris;
  • urination disorders.

Vulvar cancer

This is a rather rare oncological disease affecting elderly women. The disease is often accompanied by obesity and diabetes.

Itching and burning in the clitoris are the first warning signals. If a woman does not have any additional symptoms in her reproductive system except the itchy clitoris, she should seek immediate medical help.

Further development of the condition is characterized by a bloody discharge. The pain appears which is caused by the irritation of the affected areas. Tumor in the clitoris may penetrate deeper causing constant pain or it may be infected and it will lead to purulence.

Tumor types by its appearance:

  • ulcer with an uneven bottom and bleeding edges (this is the first sign distinguishing it from a hard chancre in syphilis);
  • a firm structure node glomerated to tissues;
  • warty growth exposed to breaking and bleeding.

In the process of further regression cancer cells spread to the vagina and urogenital system gradually affecting them. Cancer of the clitoris is characterized by rapidly growing metastases. Lymphatic spread of the tumor is typical for this disease.

The only reliable method of diagnostics is biopsy. A smear is also taken from the affected areas and puncturing of the nearest lymphatic nodes is performed.

The treatment is complex and consists of several stages:

  • radiotherapy of the affected areas and metastatic zones;
  • vulvectomy (electrosurgery);
  • removal of the nearest lymphatic nodes to prevent further growth of the metastases and some of the nearby tissue is also removed.

The combination of the three stages is aimed at cancer elimination and at prevention possible relapses.

Unfortunately, prognosis for survival in this disease is not favorable as it develops in the old age when negative consequences of the radiotherapy are not compensated by the regenerating processes in the body.

While the itchy clitoris seems to be an insignificant symptom, it is the warning signal about some serious pathology.

Take care of your health and if you notice any discomfort in your intimate zone, immediately visit a doctor.