Lishaya in children: symptoms and treatment
Almost every parent (statistics say about a figure of up to 90%) is faced with such a problem as the appearance on the skin of a child of spots of various sizes and shapes that are predominantly pink in color. Usually these spots signal about such ailment, as deprive. In children, it manifests more often than in adults, and fortunately, it is easy to determine at an early stage and then successfully cured.
Lishay in children is a whole group of ailments that are caused by a fungus. Often, lichen in children appears after contact with animals that are carriers of fungus spores. Each type of lichen looks different, but there are similar signs.
Those parents who learn the symptoms of depriving the head, face or different parts of the body of their child should not worry. In fact, the fungus can be removed from the body, head or face when the stage is not started, for a period of up to 2 weeks. It is also worth noting that, despite the infectiousness of the disease, with careful processing of the room where the sick child was, the risk of infection for the surrounding people is reduced to a minimum.
There are several stages in the manifestation of the symptoms of the disease:
- The initial stage is characterized by the appearance of spots of pink color. The skin of a baby or an older child begins to peel;
- Further, in the absence of treatment, foci of pathogenic activity of the fungus appear on the arms and legs, abdomen. Seldom there are signs of hair loss on the scalp, on the face or nails
- there is an increase in temperature to 39 degrees with subsequent growth of lymph nodes
Lishay in children appears usually after his stay in a team or a public place where they could make contact with the vectors of the disease or their things. This includes children’s camps, kindergartens, schools, hairdressers. The child can also become infected by playing with dogs, cats or other sick animals, mostly street animals, while not observing the basic rule of hygiene — hand washing.
Depending on the pathogen, depriving a child of a virus can be viral or fungal. Also, different types of lichens cause different reasons:
- Ringworm in children is divided into trichophytosis, as well as microsporia. Each type of disease is caused by different types of fungi, and the carriers of the disease can be people and animals that have this kind of fungus. Sometimes the disease is transmitted through contact with personal things — clothing, combs and other household items
- The multicolored type of the disease progresses due to the pathogenic activity of yeast fungi of one of 3 species. This microorganism often lives on the skin of animals and people, and the cause of its activation may be a violation of the hormonal background, weakened immunity, cancer or AIDS. According to statistics, this type of ailment is more common in adolescents, but manifests itself in places where there is a large number of sweat glands — for example, on the face
- Pink lichen in children manifests itself often after the child has recovered from severe respiratory or intestinal ailments, or after vaccination. Doctors determined that the cause of pink lichen is the human herpes virus HHV7. This virus is transmitted by air or by direct contact. Both the children and adults under the age of 35 can become infected with this type of deprivation
- Red flat lichen in children is not sufficiently studied. Today, doctors are trying to determine what the nature of its occurrence — intoxication, neuropathy, viruses, heredity or the presence of allergens
- Herpes zoster doctors are also called herpes zoster. It is caused by the same pathogen as chicken pox. If the child has suffered from chickenpox, then the pathogen remains in his body, but begins to act because of a number of unfavorable causes. Also, those children who are in contact with the patient may become infected with the chickenpox virus.
The fungal type of the disease falls mainly in the summer, and the virus type — in the winter. The cause of deprivation on the head or face is a high level of sweating, general fatigue, low immunity due to lack of vitamins.
This deprivation in children is considered the least dangerous. It can be treated even at home, if you consult a specialist beforehand. The nuance of this kind of ailment is that it can be recognized with absolute accuracy only by passing the tests. Places of favorite localization of the fungus are the hands, legs, stomach or back. Quite rarely you can find lichen on the head or face of a baby.
Some parents confuse red and pink lichen, and their main difference lies in peeling off the affected area: the second type of disease begins to peel from the middle of the spot to its edge. Such a variety is highly contagious, and is caused by an allergy or infection, so it requires isolation of the patient. Such a deprivation is treated for a relatively long time, and self-medication of this form is not recommended.
If pink spots are seen on the skin of the child’s body, which have no signs of inflammation, then this is a multicolored or otrubrious type of the disease. Her «best friends» are high humidity and heat, so a child with excessive sweating has a high risk of getting sick. If you do not immediately detect and try to cure the fungus, it quickly spreads to both the face and the scalp of the baby.
Such deprivation in children is considered to be the heaviest and can last several years, progressing into complications. But it is worth noting the fact that it is extremely rare in young children. The disease can be identified by multiple foci throughout the body. A variety of a virus is caused, which can exist for a long time in the body of a baby or an older child, but may appear with weakening of immunity.
Symptoms of the disease are fever, pain in the head. On the body at the same time there are bubbles with fluid that are painful when you touch them. If you find such blisters it is better to call an ambulance immediately or go to a dermatologist.
Red lichen planus
This kind of ailment is also considered quite rare and usually does not transform into a chronic form. It is accompanied by the appearance on the body of a lot of pink and red spots with a liquid that are inflamed and give the child discomfort. Most often, the place of appearance is the stomach and hands, and rare cases of manifestation are inflammatory processes on the mucous membrane.
A number of dermatologists believe that one of the reasons for the appearance of this disease is either a virus, or an allergic reaction, or diseases of the nervous system.
This deprivation in children should be treated immediately after its detection, because of the danger of its spread and the development of complications. It is called so because in places of its localization (more often it is the scalp of the baby’s head), hair hairs are seen at an altitude of about 2 cm from the bulb. This resembles an inaccurate haircut, and the baby at the same time feels constant itching and the skin in place of the foci is scaly.
It is difficult to confuse this type of disease with others because of the characteristic localization — it is common on the face, head and affects the nails. The transmission path involves personal contact (with people, animals and their belongings), and greater infectiousness is achieved by a long period of incubation of the virus, and parents do not always know in time where their child could get sick.
Find out how to treat lichen in a child, you can by contacting a dermatologist. Most often in the treatment of symptoms are applied: ointment from lichen for children, antihistamines, anti-fungal creams. Individual cases may not require medical intervention and taking medications, as they pass by themselves. You should not try to cure children with the help of folk remedies — so you risk aggravating the disease. In addition, treatment of lichen in children provides for such measures:
- preventing the combing of the area affected by the fungus
- wearing sick clothes from cotton — it does not allow moisture to remain on the body
- holding in the room where the child lives, wet cleaning every day
- handling of baby clothes and toys with disinfectants
- preventing wetting of stains with water
- restricting contacts infected with people
- Finding a child at home during the day — the sun’s rays contribute to the growth of the lesion.
Treatment depriving children is impossible without remembering the elementary rules of disease prevention:
- washing hands with soap after any contact with domestic and street cats and dogs
- disinfection of personal hygiene items due to the possibility of prolonged existence of fungus spores and their activation in case of skin contact
- Strengthening children’s immunity through a variety of nutrition, vitamins, hardening and exercise
- periodic check of the health status of animals living in the house