Marine illness: symptoms and treatment


Marine sickness is a condition in which unpleasant sensations such as nausea, dizziness, increased sweating are aggravated in a person. The condition is formed during rocking on water transport, but sometimes it can manifest itself in cars, buses, planes and trains. In medicine, the disease is termed «kinetosis.»

In childhood, such a diagnosis is more common than in an adult. This is due to the fact that the children have poorly developed vestibular system, which allows maintaining balance.

Etiology

According to statistical data, kinetosis develops in 10% of the population. It can be formed after a long influence of negative factors, with a weakened physical condition and problems with the psyche. Manifestations of the disease are also often in people with migraines, in women with pregnancy or menstruation, and also in children 2-12 years of age.

The most severe form of an ailment develops precisely during sea movements. The occurrence is conducive to long-term jumps. The disease can progress in a confined space, at high temperature, in an atmosphere of high humidity and fear of the formation of a disease. All these factors contribute to the complicated course of seasickness.

Such causes of seasickness can provoke an ailment:


  • nicotine;
  • odor of substances and mixtures with a pungent odor
  • Alcohol;
  • fatty foods
  • Overeating;
  • medicines.

The main role in the formation of seasickness is played by the vestibular apparatus, which is located in the inner ear. He begins to react to the position of the body and the movement of his head.

The position of the body is also informed by the proprioceptors that are present in the muscles, tendons and joints. These two systems transmit all information to the brain about the movement of a person. If the signals begin to acquire a monotonous character, then kinetosis develops.

Classification

Clinicians have determined that the disease arises from a different etiology and manifests itself with various symptoms. In connection with this, physicians have derived several basic forms that are often diagnosed:


  1. nervous — manifested in dizziness, severity, headache, weakness, pale skin tone, increased sweat secretion
  2. gastrointestinal — taste flavors, a person feels the taste of soap, nausea and vomiting, a disgusting attitude towards different smells may form
  3. cardiovascular — at the onset of the onset of a patient’s illness, worried heart palpitations, a strong increase in blood pressure, rhythm disturbance, the pulse becomes more rare, and the breathing is shallow
  4. Mixed — the most common form of the disease, all signs of seasickness appear.

The disease can also be determined by severity:


  • an easy stage — the symptoms are not very pronounced and only nausea, dizziness, increased salivation
  • Medium — it is possible to recognize sea sickness with the 2nd stage by sharp attacks of vomiting, weakness and sleep disturbance
  • severe — all signs are aggravated.

Symptoms

As a rule, if the sea sickness manifests itself in a person, it lasts not very long. The main symptoms of seasickness:


  1. nausea and vomiting;
  2. increased saliva secretion
  3. heavy breathing
  4. yawning and drowsiness;
  5. headaches;
  6. dizziness and syncope possible
  7. Impairment of orientation in space
  8. pallor of the skin;
  9. Irritability.

The clinical picture can grow stronger under sunlight, from a sharp smell, from lack of air, etc. After going ashore or stopping the transport, all the symptoms disappear in the person and gradually the relief comes.





Diagnostics

Recognizing the ailment is not so difficult. Sea sickness has a very characteristic symptomatology, which manifests itself exclusively during movement. Since the ailment passes quickly enough, the doctor’s help may not be needed.

However, to establish an accurate diagnosis will not be difficult for the physician. In the diagnosis of the disease it is important to collect a complete history and analyze the patient’s complaints. After the termination of movement on transport, the symptomatology abruptly stops, therefore it may be difficult for the doctor to identify the disease. It is necessary to resort to the help of doctors only at the time of deterioration of health, then a neurological examination will be necessary.

Treatment

To reduce bouts of motion sickness, a person needs to know how to behave properly in transport. Thanks to proper emergency therapy, all symptoms can subside and come an improvement. During the trip, it is better for a patient to stop using nicotine and alcoholic beverages, sleep, distract to listen to music, or look at the level of the horizon if it’s a train or a car.

For therapeutic purposes, if a person knows about such a problem, then it is worthwhile to take with him wet wipes, not to eat before the trip and you can take pills for seasickness. On a sea or land vehicle it is also desirable to take a bottle of water. Before the trip, it can be diluted with lemon juice and with a fit of motion sickness drink in small sips.

For improvement to occur as soon as possible, it is important not to forget to eliminate vegetative symptoms. For this, doctors are advised to treat the aggravation of the disease with drugs. In the context of drug therapy of the disease, it is better to use anticholinergic drugs, sedatives and anti-inflammatory drugs.

Treatment of seasickness occurs with the use of a single medicine — scopolamine.

Prevention

In the development of ail quite often the patients themselves are to blame for their inattention. If a person goes on a journey by car or ship, then one must also think about preventive measures. Prevent the emergence of kinetosis can be due to such events:


  • sit down on low-clean seats: in the car — the front seat, on the train — the first cars, on the ship — in the middle cabin, on the aircraft — over the wings
  • close your eyes or view objects in the distance;
  • do not move your head often
  • If possible, it’s better to lie down on your back.

Prevention of the disease does not take too much time. If the aggravation does happen, then it is worth remembering the methods of rapid therapy or just when you can get out of the vehicle.