Mycoplasmosis: Symptoms and Treatment

Mycoplasmosis is a pathological process, the formation of which is influenced by bacteria Mycoplasma hominis and genitalia. These microorganisms have a negative impact on the performance of the genitourinary system and cause various ailments. If the body is affected by Mycoplasma pneumonia, then this is a threat to the development of diseases of the upper respiratory tract.

Risk Factors

There are 11 kinds of mycoplasmas in the human body, but only mycoplasma genitalia, pneumonia and hominis can provoke pathology. Until now, scientists are discussing the pathogenesis of the bacteria. Therefore, it is impossible to pin down the causes of the disease development.

According to many scientists, the bacteria themselves do not have a negative effect on the body. They can be both parasites and saprophytes, so they are often found in the body in healthy people. The following factors can influence the formation of pathology:

  • Sexual contact
  • Transfer from an infected mother to a child through the placenta
  • passing through the affected birth canal

The transmission of infection through a contact-household method is completely excluded today.

Manifestations of an ailment

Symptoms of mycoplasmosis are different, because everything depends on the type of microorganism that caused the pathological process.

Mycoplasma genitalium mycoplasmosis

Such a disease can be diagnosed in both women and men. At the time of urination, the patient experiences burning or pain. This condition indicates that the damage to the urethra caused inflammation of the adjacent tissues, so their sensitivity is exacerbated.

Mycoplasmosis in women, obtained during sexual intercourse, due to the proximity of the walls of the urinary canal with the vagina, is characterized by severe and severe pain. As a rule, the appearance of the acute form of the illness is preceded by a latent period, therefore only after 7-10 days the first symptoms of urogenital mycoplasmosis may appear.

Mycoplasmosis in men manifests itself in the form of minor discharge from the urethra. If you do not detect the bacteria in time and do not start treatment, then mycoplasmosis in men can trigger such manifestations as itching of the vulva, pain during urination and sexual contact.

Defeat of the respiratory system

If mycoplasma pneumonia (Mycoplasma pneumoniae) was detected in smears from the throat and in the blood, then this indicates the presence of such a disease as respiratory mycoplasmosis. It flows like pneumonia, bronchitis. Symptoms of mycoplasmosis are characterized by a strong cough, during which sparse sputum may be allocated. Respiratory mycoplasmosis can cause an increase in temperature to a mark of 38 degrees. Patients may experience the following symptoms:

  1. cough;
  2. Persecution in the throat;
  3. nasal congestion
  4. redness of the oral mucosa

When respiratory mycoplasmosis is accompanied by inflammation of the bronchial branch, the person is diagnosed with wheezing and hard breathing. In complicated cases of respiratory mycoplasmosis, damage is inflicted on the heart and nervous system. Deaths occur with such a pathology is extremely rare.

Urogenital lesion

This disease is characterized by the presence of a saprophytic microorganism, which is located in the urinary tract. Under specific conditions, urogenital mycoplasmosis can cause serious complications. Symptoms of mycoplasmosis are associated with pain during urination. There are cases when the urogenital mycoplasmosis and its symptoms are recognized as manifestations of gonorrhea or trichomoniasis. After a few weeks from the date of infection, urogenital mycoplasmosis in women is accompanied by vaginal discharge, and during sexual intercourse they experience severe pain and discomfort. The reason is that the inflammation struck the ureter.

Consequences of pathology

Mycoplasmosis is a disease of infectious nature, which often acts as a fundamental factor in the development of gynecological problems. Let us consider in detail the complications of this pathology in women and men.

The defeat of the female body

Mycoplasmosis in women can cause damage to the vagina and cervical canal. Another thing is when the pathology arose in the period of bearing a child. If mycoplasmosis during pregnancy proceeds in a latent form, then complications of diseases can become:

  • Fetal miscarriage;
  • pathology of the placenta;
  • Polyhydramnios

Chronic form causes such complication as secondary infertility. A female organism that has already transferred mycoplasmosis may also be affected. This manifests itself in the form of an inflammatory process in the pelvic organs, when the infection is transmitted from mother to fetus through the placenta, and in the first trimester of pregnancy this can lead to spontaneous abortion (miscarriage).

The defeat of the male body

The presented disease very rarely affects the body of a man. But he can act as a carrier of infection. For this reason, in the absence of symptoms in the blood, antibodies to the causative agent of pathology are detected in the blood.

About 40% of cases of mycoplasmosis in men develops in a latent form, but during stressful situations or weakened protective forces, the pathogen activates, which leads to various complications. These include pain in the groin of the pulling character, allocation in the morning, burning sensation when going to the toilet.

If mycoplasmosis causes damage to testicular tissue, it is complicated by hyperemia, an increase in testes in size. This condition often provokes a violation of the process of spermatogenesis.

Often the causative agent of mycoplasmosis is the cause of the development of pyelonephritis, arthritis, prostatitis and even sepsis.

Diagnostic measures

Before starting to treat mycoplasmosis, a number of diagnostic measures are required, which include the diagnosis of a smear on the flora under a microscope. In women, a smear is taken from the cervix, urethra, vagina. In men — only from the urethra.

Diagnosis can still include a method of bacteriological inoculation. It is characterized by the growth of bacteria from the smear. A special nutrient medium is used for these purposes. This method of diagnosis is considered the most accurate. But it takes a week to implement it. As a supplement, the polymerase chain reaction method and the immunofluorescence method can be used.

Therapeutic events

If the body has been found mycoplasma, then this is not an excuse to treat mycoplasmosis. Only in the case of severe symptoms, characteristic of the described pathologies, will require therapeutic measures.

Very rarely, microorganisms themselves provoke the formation of an inflammatory process. The subsequent treatment of the disease will depend on the type of diagnosed mycoplasmas and the concomitant infections.

Complex treatment of mycoplasmosis is based on the use of antifungal, antiprotozoal medicines, irrigation with liquid drugs of the urethra.

Treatment of mycoplasmosis of a complicated form involves antibiotics. They provide a wide range of activities. Taking antibiotics is necessary for 10 days. Use such antibiotics:

  1. Tetracycline;
  2. Josamycin
  3. Meadecamycin;
  4. Clarithromycin
  5. Erythromycin

Due to the fact that antibiotics destroy mycoplasma, they still damage the natural microflora. Therefore, when the patient has finished taking antibiotics, the doctor appoints him a course of antibacterial therapy to restore microflora.

Since pathology has a high risk of relapse, treatment of mycoplasmosis can be successful if extracorporeal antibiotic therapy is used. A certain dose of antibacterial drugs is injected into the bloodstream to purify it.

Mycoplasmosis is a disease that is most often transmitted through sexual intercourse and from mother to child. You can avoid it if you use contraception and go through the research on time. It does not cause any serious illness if its therapy was performed on time and qualitatively. In this case, there can not be any complications.