Mycosis: symptoms and treatment
Mycosis is a fungal disease, which is most often manifested in the skin of a person. But in some cases, a fungal infection can affect internal organs (deep fungal infections). There are no age limitations for this disease. But, as medical practice shows, most often the disease manifests itself in children and the elderly.
Mycosis of the skin can provoke such factors:
- a long course of taking medication;
- weakened immunity;
- alcohol abuse and smoking;
- chronic infections of an infectious nature
- non-observance of personal hygiene
- Improper eating or eating poor-quality food.
You can get mycosis of feet or other parts of the body in public places — a shower, a swimming pool, a sauna and the like. Therefore, you need to walk there only in your slippers and not use other people’s personal hygiene items.
A fungal infection can be transmitted in the following ways:
- through close contact with an already infected person
- manicure instruments
- through towels, personal hygiene items
- through shoes
- Microtrauma of the skin.
Especially «easy» to grasp the fungus to the human body with weak immunity.
Nature of defeat
The most common fungal organisms affect the following areas of the human body:
- torso skin
In more rare cases, a fungal infection can affect even the internal organs of a person.
Mycosis of the skin begins to manifest itself only at the stage of progression of the disease. Symptoms of mycosis are as follows:
- exfoliation of the affected areas of the skin
- severe itching
- the formation of diaper rash, especially in the interdigital area
- rash spots
- the appearance of bubbles that burst and dry up
- severe peeling.
Mycosis of the feet can manifest itself not only in the form of the above symptoms. In most cases, the nails on the legs also suffer — they become brittle, dark in color.
In official medicine, a classification of mycoses is adopted:
- systemic or deep mycosis — the defeat of internal organs. Often pathology affects the nearby tissue sites
- Subcutaneous — damage to the skin and bones
- epidermomokiz — damage only the surface layer of the epidermis (skin tissue)
- superficial fungus — lesions of the scalp, horn cells of the epidermis
As practice shows, systemic mycosis is very rare and only in those cases when there is another background disease and immunity is weakened.
Mycosis of the feet
Mycosis of the feet is the most common type of fungal disease. Infection often occurs in common areas — shower cabins, swimming pools, saunas. There may be such symptoms:
- itching and discomfort when walking;
- the formation of ulcers and cracks in the interdigital area
- the skin of the foot becomes rough.
Since mycosis of the feet is almost impossible to diagnose at early stages, the treatment is rather complicated. Therefore, at the first signs, one should immediately consult a dermatologist.
It is not recommended to treat foot mycosis alone, as it can only aggravate the state of affairs. As a rule, when using special antifungal ointments, the symptomatology disappears, but the disease does not go away. Relapse can occur at any time.
Mycosis of the nails
Mycosis of the nails or onychomycosis is caused by yeast or mold fungi. The danger of this type of ailment is that such fungal compounds exist in the body of almost every person. Therefore, with favorable circumstances for the fungus, the pathological process begins to develop rapidly. Mycosis nails, according to statistics, is diagnosed with 1/10 of the total population.
The etiology of the disease is as follows:
- damage to the nail plate and the skin area
- wearing tight shoes (mycosis of the nails on the legs)
- non-observance of hygiene aspects during manicure and other similar procedures
Treatment of mycosis of nails combined — drug therapy is combined with mechanical action. It is necessary to remove the affected nail. You need to do this very carefully, without damaging the skin at the same time. As a rule, it is in the affected nails that most fungal organisms are present. Injury of the skin can cause skin mycosis.
Conditionally, to the defeat of the skin can be attributed and deprive, as the disease is also caused by fungal organisms. Most often, the fungus of the smooth skin of the trunk is diagnosed in children and the elderly. But people from other age groups are also vulnerable to the disease.
Treatment of this type of illness in the early stages is relatively good. With the right approach and the complete course of treatment, relapse occurs very rarely.
Mycosis of Inguinal Folds
Mycosis of inguinal folds occurs in both men and women. This manifestation of fungal pathology is due to mold fungal organisms. The etiology of this type of ailment is caused by such factors:
- non-observance of personal hygiene
- wearing narrow, synthetic underwear
- Sexual contact with an already infected person.
Symptoms in this case are:
- itching in the genital area
- a rash of red or dark brown in the groin
- the affected area of the skin becomes bright red;
This type of ailment does not apply to deep mycoses, so it is treated relatively well. It is worth noting that unlike mycosis of the nails, the disease manifests itself almost at the first stages of the disease, and this greatly simplifies the diagnosis and treatment process.
Lesion of the scalp
Mycosis of the scalp has a pronounced symptomatology. Such a fungus infection is manifested as follows:
- the hair in the affected area breaks off 1-2 mm from the skin;
- red spots are formed;
Mycosis of this type is almost the same as ringworm. Most often it is diagnosed in preschool children and elderly people.
Treatment should begin immediately. The disease develops quite quickly, especially in people with weak immunity. Possible complete alopecia.
Diagnostics includes a personal examination by a dermatologist. After finding out an anamnesis, an instrumental study is conducted. From the affected area of the skin, scraping is taken for examination. Only after this, the doctor makes an accurate diagnosis and prescribes the correct course of treatment.
Treatment is carried out depending on the localization of the affected area. As a rule, combined therapy is practiced:
- taking medication;
- mechanical removal of the affected area (if this is a nail damage)
- local therapy — treatment with ointments, sprays
Be sure to remove the damaged nail plate. If this is not immediately possible, special ointments are used to soften the nail. After that, the nail is almost painlessly removed with special forceps or scissors.
Treatment of mycosis should be carried out only for the purpose of a dermatologist. The use of even folk remedies without the recommendation of a doctor is unacceptable. Even if the manifestations of the clinical picture no longer exist, this does not mean that the ailment has completely receded.
Mycosis prevention includes the following:
- personal hygiene;
- You can not use someone else’s shoes, toiletries,
- make sure that the instruments in the salons are sterile;
- Do not wear a narrow synthetic underwear
- narrow shoes should be excluded;
- In public places, only walk in your shoes.
Those who have already transferred mycosis of any type, should be systematically examined by a dermatologist. At the end of the course of treatment — at least 3 times a month. After that, at least 3 times a year. It is also worthwhile to monitor the general state of health and strengthen immunity.