Nervous breakdown: symptoms and treatment

A nervous breakdown involves an acute attack of anxiety, which results in a serious violation of a lifestyle habitual for a person. The nervous breakdown, the symptoms of which determine this condition to a family of mental disorders (neuroses), occurs in situations in which the patient is in a state of sudden or excessive stress, as well as long-term stress.



General Description

As a result of a nervous breakdown, there is a feeling of lack of control over one’s own feelings and actions, in which, accordingly, a person is completely subject to the states of stress, anxiety or alarm that dominates him during this period.

The nervous breakdown, despite the general picture of its manifestation in many cases, is, meanwhile, a positive reaction on the part of the body, and in particular — a protective reaction. Among other similar reactions, for example, tears can be isolated, as well as acquired immunity, which occurs against the background of mental overstrain in combination with intense and prolonged mental stress.

Man’s achievement of a critical state for the psyche determines a nervous breakdown as a kind of lever, due to the activation of which the accumulated nervous tension exits. As the causes of a nervous breakdown, any events can be identified, whether they are large-scale and intensive in their impact or, on the contrary, insignificant, but «long-term undermining.»

It is extremely important to know the symptoms of a nervous breakdown in order to take the necessary measures in a timely manner, because it is actually a very serious disorder in which the development of events can occur in a variety of ways, from the subsequent entry into the cardiology department and ending with the psychoneurological dispensary .

Factors provoking a nervous breakdown


  • Depression
  • stress;
  • lack of vitamins;
  • Movement disorders
  • diseases associated with thyroid function
  • history of schizophrenia
  • genetic predisposition
  • Drinking alcohol, drugs.

Nervous breakdown: symptoms

A nervous breakdown can be characterized by various manifestations, which in particular depend on the specific type of symptomatology. Thus, the symptoms of a nervous breakdown can be physical, behavioral, and emotional in their type of manifestation.

Physical Symptoms:


  1. sleep disorders, which can occur both in the long period of insomnia, and in a long period of sleep
  2. constipation, diarrhea
  3. Symptoms that determine the problematic breathing in one or another variant of manifestation
  4. migraines, frequent headaches;
  5. memory loss
  6. decreased libido;
  7. menstrual irregularities
  8. constant fatigue, extreme exhaustion of the body
  9. anxiety condition, sustained panic attacks
  10. pronounced changes in appetite.

Behavioral Symptoms:


  • behavior strange to others
  • pronounced mood swings;
  • sudden expressions of anger, the desire to commit violence.

Emotional symptoms (these symptoms are kind of a precursor to a future nervous breakdown):


  1. Depression that acts not only as a symptom that determines the possibility of a nervous breakdown, but also is the cause of its possible appearance
  2. An alarm
  3. indecision;
  4. Feeling of anxiety
  5. feeling guilty;
  6. lowering self-esteem;
  7. thoughts of paranoid content
  8. Tearfulness
  9. loss of interest in work and public life
  10. increased dependence on drugs, alcohol
  11. the emergence of thoughts about his own invincibility and greatness
  12. the emergence of thoughts of death.

Now we will consider a little more detail the manifestation of some symptoms, directly related to a nervous breakdown.

Disorders of sleep and appetite, depression of emotional state, weakening of social contacts in this or that sphere of life, irritability and aggressiveness are all the main symptoms characteristic of a nervous breakdown. A person has a feeling of being driven into a corner, under which he, respectively, is in a state of depression.

Attempts to provide assistance from close people in such a situation, as a rule, lead to aggression and rudeness in their address, which also implies a logical refusal of any help in this condition. The nervous breakdown also borders on the symptomatology indicating fatigue, which consists in apathy and lack of strength, besides it, interest in everything that is happening and surrounding is lost.

As noted above on the main points, the nervous breakdown is not only in the changes associated with the psychoemotional state of a person, but also directly relates to his physical condition. In particular, the violations related to the activity of the autonomic nervous system become urgent, they consist of excessive sweating, panic attacks, dry mouth, etc. Further, after the defeat of the nervous system, the cardiovascular system as well as the gastrointestinal tract is affected.




In the first case, the most common changes are manifested in the form of hypertension and tachycardia (rapid heartbeat), there are pains in the heart, which is determined, respectively, as angina pectoris. This symptomatology requires the provision of medical assistance, otherwise the condition in question can simply lead to a stroke or a heart attack.

As for the defeat of the digestive system with a nervous breakdown, it consists of a change in appetite (it either decreases or disappears altogether), in attacks of nausea. The patient’s chair is also subject to certain disorders in the form of constipation or diarrhea. These conditions also determine the need for a certain correction, and in the correction is not medication, focused on the treatment of the gastrointestinal tract, but in a correction aimed at eliminating the immediate nervous breakdown, which is the primary condition affecting these manifestations.

Thus, if the therapy is adequately and effectively addressed to a nervous breakdown, the result will provide relief from the concomitant symptomatology of the gastrointestinal tract and other systems.

Treatment of a nervous breakdown

Treatment of a nervous breakdown is determined based on the consideration of specific causes that provoked it, as well as the overall severity of actual manifestations. In reactive psychoses, treatment is required within specialized clinics and hospitals. It consists in the appointment of drug therapy with the use of neuroleptics in it, as well as with the use of tranquilizers.

Overwork, which also plays a role in the emergence of nervous breakdowns, requires sanitation, and it is better if the sanatorium is local, because climate change often acts as an additional stress factor.

In any variant of the state, the main method of correction is in psychotherapy, which also applies to the prevention of a nervous breakdown. In this case, the doctor will identify all the factors that triggered a nervous breakdown, after which, within the framework of the appropriate psychological correction, he will be formed and implemented an appropriate scheme, aimed at the patient’s resistance to this type of phenomenon.




If you have these symptoms, it is important to immediately seek help from a psychologist or a psychotherapist, or a neuropathologist (neurologist). Do not neglect the nervous breakdown, because the brink of the psyche is rather fragile and it is never known for certain how serious the consequences of such a condition for the patient and his later life as a whole can be.