Nervous Teeth: Symptoms and Treatment
Nervous tick — a pathological condition characterized by the appearance of sudden and repetitive jerky movements of certain muscle groups. Most often, the cause of the manifestation of this condition is the imbalance of the functions of the central nervous system. With a nervous tic, every person came across at least once in his life. It usually occurs as a result of a strong nervous strain and passes after the stressful situation is over.
This phenomenon does not require treatment and does not do any harm to the body of a child or adult. In cases where tics become permanent, we can talk about the development of the pathology of the nervous system, and then immediately it is necessary to consult a neurologist who is a specialist in this disease.
According to experts, the nervous tic occurs more often in boys than in girls (13% to 11%), which is due to differences in the functioning of the nervous system in people of both sexes. In addition, in rare cases, the disease develops in adult patients.
In general, a nervous tic is an imbalance in the work of the central nervous system, which is expressed in a variety of ways. There are three types of pathology:
Depending on the symptoms, four types of ticks are also distinguished:
- mimic, in which the muscles of the face are involved in the process — this pathology occurs most often
- motor, when the patient’s limbs involuntarily move during seizures
- Vocal, resulting in involuntary pronunciation of certain words or sounds by the patient
- sensory — a person feels cold, warmth, heaviness in one part of the body, which can provoke him to commit certain involuntary movements.
If you classify nerve tics by prevalence, then there are two types:
In the first case, the spread of a tick to the whole body is marked — it can begin with the eyes, then the neck, shoulders, hands, back, stomach, legs are involved in the process. In the case of local nervous tics, the process affects only a certain group of muscles. More common is the nervous tic of the eye.
There is another classification of this pathology according to the degree of complexity, according to which nerve tics can be:
- simple — with simple repetitive actions by a person
- complex, when the patient makes movements in the form of certain combinations.
Note that tics are involuntary movements that a patient can not control.
As already mentioned above, nervous tics in children can be primary, secondary and hereditary. And each species has its own reasons. So, the causes of primary tics are various stressful situations:
- psychoemotional trauma
- various phobias;
- Hyperactivity syndrome in children
- children’s neuroses
- increased anxiety
If we talk about adults, they may have a primary disorder with severe mental fatigue and exhaustion of the nervous system, as well as with chronic fatigue syndrome. As can be seen from the above, the main causes are mental overloads, therefore it is not difficult to cure this pathology — it goes by itself when the provoking factor is eliminated.
More serious about the causes of secondary nervous tics, which include:
- brain tumors
- various pathologies of the brain (functional and infectious diseases)
- Trigeminal neuralgia
- Carbon monoxide poisoning
- birth injuries;
- Mental pathology (schizophrenia, autism).
In addition, sometimes you can find such a phenomenon as the usual nervous tic of the eye, neck or other parts of the body — when the child involuntarily makes movements that are fixed in the habit. For example, if the baby is very ill and had to swallow saliva with a strong neck strain to dull the pain, he can do the same already in a healthy state.
If we talk about the hereditary nervous tic of the eye or other parts of the body in children, it is the so-called Tourette’s disease, which develops in those who have one or more relatives in the family with this pathology. The causes of the hereditary disease are not fully understood, it is only known that provoking factors may be an unfavorable ecological environment in the area of human habitation, autoimmune conditions, a lack of vitamin B6 and magnesium, as well as some bacterial infections.
Symptoms of the disease can manifest themselves in different ways — from minor twitchings of the eyes (nervous tics of the eyes) or face facial muscles, to complex convulsive movements. If we are talking about voice ticks, they are expressed by pronouncing the child certain sounds — coughing, pohlyukivanie, sniffing, and even shouting out individual words (including unprintable ones). An important point is the fact that a person simply can not control such muscle twitching.
Hereditary tics have three rare species:
- multiple repetition of the same word — palalalia
- the repetition of a word spoken by someone — echolalia
- demonstration of gestures of obscene character — copropria.
Diagnosis of pathology
In modern medical practice, there are methods to recognize the development of this pathology in a child. The first method is a blood test (general and biochemical), which can show inflammatory changes in the body.
The second method is X-ray (computer or magnetic resonance imaging), which makes it possible to determine lesions in the brain.
Also for the diagnosis is used the method of electroencephalography — it allows to identify the centers of pathological activity. When examining patients with tics, a consultation of an oncologist, traumatologist and psychiatrist is also mandatory, which allows to exclude some causes of pathology development.
When the question arises, how to get rid of the nervous tic of the eye or other part of the body, then you should remember that only a doctor can prescribe an adequate treatment, so you should strictly adhere to his recommendations. In most cases, neural tics in a child or adult are treated conservatively and consist of such recommendations:
- drawing up the correct daily schedule with a designation of the time of activity and rest
- reduction of psychoemotional load. To comply with this recommendation, it is required to reconsider the relationship of parents and the child, as well as the relationship of the parents among themselves, the relationship with their colleagues at work, etc.
- an appeal to a psychotherapist (sometimes family psychotherapy is required)
- drug treatment.
Medication is prescribed only in cases when the nervous tic of the eye or other parts of the body in a child or adult is often manifested and has a pronounced character. The main drugs that can be prescribed only by a doctor are:
- motherwort tincture
- diazepam and fenozepam;
When answering the question of how to treat a nervous tic, one can not help but mention that, with this pathology, the use of methods of alternative medicine is permitted. A well-proven massage, which allows all the muscles of the body to relax, than eliminates and excessive stress on the nervous system. In addition, the nervous tic is treated with acupuncture — the introduction of the thinnest needles to certain points on the patient’s body, which contributes to the normalization of the nervous system.