Neurocirculatory dystonia: symptoms and treatment
Neurocirculatory dystonia, or neurosis of the heart is a violation in the work of the cardiovascular system, which is associated with a violation of physiological neuroendocrine regulation. Most often manifested in women and adolescents because of the influence of severe stress or heavy physical exertion. It is much less common in people under the age of fifteen and over the age of forty.
Despite the diversity of the types and symptoms of the disease, it proceeds quite benignly, does not lead to further development of heart problems. Usually, a favorable prognosis is noted (in most clinical cases complete recovery is noted).
Quite often neurocirculatory dystonia is confused with certain diseases of the nervous and cardiovascular system. For example, the course of this disease very much resembles the syndrome of panic attacks, some types of cardiopathy, hyperkinetic or tonsillocardial syndromes.
Symptoms of such a disease, in individual cases, can manifest sharply and suddenly, with unpredictable disappearance. But it is possible that the ailment can take quite a long time, having a chronic character. In this case, the periods of exacerbation and stagnation of symptoms alternate.
In children or adolescents, the main cause of the disease is not fully formed internal organs and a strong hormonal surge. The main cause of this disease in the adult population is the presence of stressful situations that a person can not cope with, so that the symptoms of dystonia begin to manifest. The causes of the progression of the disease are divided into internal and external. External refers to:
- severe fatigue;
- Inactive, or, conversely, too active way of life;
- all kinds of household and industrial emissions or vibrations
- drinking in large quantities and abuse of nicotine;
- excessive absorption of beverages that are contained in large quantities, caffeine — natural coffee, black strong tea, beverages to raise energy
- very hot and dry climates.
Internal causes of neurocirculatory dystonia are:
- predisposition inherited;
- increase in the amount of hormones in the body due to pregnancy or during sexual development of the body of young people
- the personal temperament of each person
- Chronic infectious processes in the body
- violations in the work of internal organs of a chronic nature
- disorder of the nervous and endocrine systems
- menstrual period in women
The etiology of this disease is quite versatile, but there is no organic damage to the internal systems of the human body.
This disease has several kinds that are divided depending on the level of blood pressure:
- If the blood pressure is lowered, it will bear the name — neurocirculatory dystonia by hypotonic type. In this case, most often there is a rapid decrease in energy in the body and its weakness;
- at elevated blood pressure — neurocirculatory dystonia by hypertonic type
- neurocirculatory dystonia in a mixed type is characterized by changes in blood pressure
- if the pressure changes insignificantly or remains within the normal range, but first of all, changes in the heart function are pronounced, the neurocirculatory dystonia will be characterized by the cardiac type.
In addition, this disease can be classified according to the level of manifestation of symptoms, and depending on this it can proceed:
- it is easy — with a mild manifestation of symptoms. With such a course of application of medical medicines can be avoided, providing the patient with a complete rest and receiving a decoction of medicinal herbs;
- of moderate severity — some symptoms are so pronounced that they bring discomfort to a person in their everyday life and interfere with professional or mental activity
- Hard — the signs of the disease are expressed on an ongoing basis, which makes the patient simply unable to perform any functions from everyday life. In this case, the treatment is done only medically.
The intensity of the course of the disease can be of a nature:
- A mixed type, in which there are jumps in the intensity of manifestation of the signs of the disease.
By the forms of the prevalence of symptoms, neurocirculatory dystonia is divided into:
- with a violation of thermoregulation;
- disorders in the functioning of the digestive tract;
- damage to respiratory processes
- discord in the work of the genitals
Symptoms can be caused by a particular type of disease. As a rule, they are manifested in every person in different ways — someone is more intense, someone’s clinic is practically erased. But there are symptoms that occur in most patients:
- severe headaches or dizziness;
- increased sweating of the palms and the feet
- Stitching in the heart area
- heart rhythm disturbance;
- a sense of lack of air, which makes breathing quicker
- limb numbness
- unpleasant feelings in the abdomen that are caused by constipation or diarrhea
- strong body weakness;
- frequent urge to urinate
- a constant, unreasonable sense of fear and panic
- Sleep disorder
- Increased level of emission of gases from the body.
Hypertensive type of dystonia is characterized, in addition to weakness and dizziness, by high blood pressure. Hypotonic dystonia is accompanied by a sharp decrease in blood pressure. The mixed form combines the above-described pressure drops, which can carry a periodic increase in body temperature. In the foreground of cardiac dystonia are painful sensations and discomfort in the heart.
Because of the prevalence of the disease and the similarity of its symptoms with some other diseases, diagnostics in neurologists, pediatricians or therapists will not do without additional examinations with the help of:
- MRI and cardiac CT;
- 24-hour blood pressure measurement
- ECG test with exercise
- Bicycle ergonomics is a technique in which the amount of load a patient can tolerate is measured. A patient with neurocirculatory dystonia sustains a load several times less than a healthy person of the same age and gender.
Unlike most diseases, in the treatment of neurocirculatory dystonia, more attention is paid to non-drug therapy. It is aimed at introducing the following processes into the patient’s daily life, which the patient can conduct independently:
- small but constant physical activity and running
- putting in order the routine of daily, labor and training activities
- complete rest.
Non-pharmacological treatment of symptoms in clinical settings, consists of:
- medical baths
Also important is the sanatorium type of treatment.
For the successful treatment of dystonia, cardiac and hypertonic types are prescribed medications that can eliminate a variety of problems with heart function. For the treatment of hypotonic neurocirculatory dystonia, the doctor may prescribe the use of tinctures of ginseng and caffeine.
To avoid the appearance of seizures of this disease, doctors recommend daily intake of tinctures of valerian, motherwort, hawthorn. To treat a constant sense of anxiety, tranquilizers are used, which should not exceed three weeks.
Non-drug treatment of pregnant women occurs in the same way as in ordinary people. Drug treatment is slightly different — it is gentle, but no less effective. The treatment is completely under the supervision of doctors.
Treatment of neurocirculatory dystonia with folk remedies will help to strengthen the effect of the above methods. The basis of folk methods are alcohol tinctures of various herbs and fruits:
Decoctions and tinctures from:
- mixtures of flowers of hawthorn, oregano, motherwort and St. John’s Wort;
- Connections of hornet, balm and root of valerian
- A set of oregano, hawthorn, chamomile, mint, lemon balm, sage and motherwort.
Preventive measures, like treatment, can be of an independent and medical nature.
Independent prevention methods consist of the following recommendations:
- reducing or avoiding stressful situations or unpleasant communication
- observance of the correct regime of the day, nutrition and sleep. Try to eat every day at the same time, in small portions, five or six times a day. Increase the use of vitamins. The time for sleep should be at least eight hours a day;
- good rest;
- regular physical exercise;
- the exclusion of alcohol and nicotine from life
- performing all hygiene measures
- reduce caffeine use.
The medical methods of prevention include:
- timely treatment of any inflammatory processes or diseases
- Adolescent conversations with a therapist, to enhance personality assessment and adaptation in society
- regulating the level of hormones in the female body during pregnancy and with menopause