Neurosis of the heart: symptoms and treatment
Neurosis of the heart — a functional disruption of the body, arising from various neuropsychic disorders. Often, such a disorder develops in people with a weak nervous system, which is why they suffer a lot of stress. The disease does not cause anatomical and morphological changes in the organ, and usually has a chronic course. People often say about this violation — the heart hurts, and it happens during periods of strong psychoemotional arousal. Treatment of pathology in most cases is aimed at strengthening the nervous system.
Causes of a pathological condition
The reasons for the occurrence of such a pathological condition in a person are disorders in the work of the nervous system. The mechanism of development of pathology is the uncoordinated work between the stimulating and inhibitory brain mechanisms. As a result of this inconsistency, there is a disruption of the activity of nerve vegetative centers, which affects the normal functioning of internal organs, including the heart.
At the same time, there are factors that can contribute to the development of such a violation as neurosis of the heart, and the most important of them, as already mentioned above, is a nervous or mental overstrain. Usually the first cardio-neurotic attack in a person happens after a difficult period — after parting with a lover, the death of a loved one, a difficult conflict with others and other similar situations.
Other causes leading to cardio-neurotic disorder may be:
- a way of life that does not correspond to the right way (lack of movement, eating harmful products, unbalanced periods of work and rest, etc.)
- mental or physical fatigue due to hard work, stressful studies and other activities
- bad habits (smoking, alcohol abuse, taking drugs, drinking coffee in large quantities)
- Chronic infectious processes in the body
- The lack of sex hormones that occurs when menopause occurs in women or in women at an earlier age, as a result of endocrine pathologies in the body.
Signs and symptoms of the disease
The clinic of this disorder consists of general and cardiac manifestations. Symptoms of a heart neurosis of a general nature speak of problems with the nervous system. These are:
- chronic fatigue;
- increased fatigue;
- a constant sense of anxiety;
- Sleep disorder
Sometimes the symptoms of this disorder are manifested by the appearance of panic attacks, in which a person experiences difficulty breathing — he feels a shortage of air, tries to convulsively breathe, and experiences severe fear. Also, another symptom in this pathology is a rise in body temperature to subfebrile indicators, which keeps on such figures for a long period.
If we talk about heart symptoms of heart neurosis, the main one is pain, which can be localized either in the area of the organ, or behind the breastbone, and irradiate in the back, scapula and even neck. The pain can be of different nature — blunt, pricking, paroxysmal and its duration may also be different — from several minutes to several days. The main difference between cardio-neurotic pain and pain associated with other heart diseases is its appearance at the peak of excitement or immediately after stress.
It is important to remember that the appearance of pain in such a violation is central and not associated with morphological disorders in the heart. Doctors suppose that sometimes such pain arises from self-hypnosis — a person thinks that a strong stress can cause him problems with the heart, and after a while he feels real pain in the heart area.
Other cardiac and vascular symptoms of heart neurosis are:
- increased heartbeat, which the patient feels, and this causes him to panic;
- feeling of «tides» of blood to the head
- The feeling of heat
- blushing or redness of the skin
- cold extremities.
Diagnosis such a disease as heart neurosis, after a survey and examination of the patient by a doctor and appointment of a cardiographic study. If no anatomo-morphological disturbances are detected on the cardiogram, then the patient has a neurological cause of the pain in the cardiac region.
How to treat neurosis of the heart is known to the neuropathologist, that’s why it is necessary to address to the patient with this diagnosis, because the cardiologist can not assign anything to the patient, as there is no disturbance in the heart with the disease.
At the initial stage, the treatment consists in explaining the patient’s condition to the patient. The doctor should say that the symptoms of cardioneurosis do not represent a real threat to the health of the patient, and that the main task of a person with such a violation is to avoid stressful situations.
In addition, patients are shown physiotherapy treatment. An indispensable condition for recovery is the employment of physiotherapy exercises or just light sports, a relaxing massage. General restorative treatment makes it possible to restore the balance of the nervous system and relieve a person of the symptoms of such a violation as neurosis of the heart. It is desirable that the patient is engaged in what gives him pleasure — growing flowers in the garden, doing fishing, walking or cycling, skiing, etc.
Such patients require treatment of the nervous system. In particular, they regularly need sanatorium and health improvement, which will prevent the development of new relapses and make their nervous system more resistant to external stimuli. In severe cases, patients require medication — the use of drugs that calm the nervous system. Usually, it is enough to take valerian, but sometimes the doctor prescribes stronger neurotropic drugs — luminal, nembutal and others.