Neurosis of the pharynx: symptoms and treatment
Scientists like to repeat the expression that all «diseases arise from nerves», and this is true, because the nervous system regulates the work of the whole organism as a whole. In case of any violations of its work, human health deteriorates, which can be manifested by an increase in the number of heartbeats, headache, eating disorders or pharyngeal neurosis — a rare condition, the symptoms of which need to be considered in more detail.
What do doctors call the pharyngeal neurosis and how can it be?
Neurosis of the pharynx is a pathological change in the sensitivity of the mucosa of a small (10-12 cm) funnel-shaped canal (pharynx) that connects the oral and nasal cavity with the esophagus and larynx. The main cause of the development of pathology is a mental disorder that occurs against a background of prolonged overstrain of the nervous system or strong stress.
Neurosis of the pharynx can exist in three forms, each of which is characterized by its symptomatology:
Pathology is rare, with people most often affected by it after the age of 20 and treated by a neurologist or psychoneurologist.
Anesthesia of the pharynx
Anesthesia of the pharynx is characterized by a decrease or total absence of sensitivity of the mucous membrane of the organ, as well as a violation of the swallowing process. Hysteria (the most common cause), brain tumor, syphilis or influenza can lead to its development. The lack of treatment for this form of neurosis can lead to the spread of the pathological process to the larynx, which is fraught with the development of aspiration of saliva or food and can threaten the life of the patient.
Hyperesthesia of the pharynx
The main symptom of hyperesthesia is the intensification of the pharyngeal reflex, which can occur against a background of chronic throat diseases or severe nervous shock. Patients complain of pain, spasm and perspiration in the throat, sometimes these symptoms are supplemented by a feeling of «scratching» the mucous membrane. The primary diagnosis of pathology is performed by an otolaryngologist.
Symptoms of paresthesia will be almost the same as in hyperesthesia, but very often the clinical picture of the disease is supplemented by a sensation of itching, numbness or the presence of a foreign body («lump») in the larynx cavity. In addition, patients may suffer from headaches that increase during swallowing. Paresthesia often worries mentally unbalanced, irritable people, and women experiencing menopause.
Basic diagnostic methods
Diagnosing a pharynx neurosis is difficult, because often it is accompanied by a large number of concomitant diseases, the symptoms of which can be more pronounced. The doctor diagnoses on the basis of a thorough examination and complaints of the patient. Additional methods of examination include x-rays, magnetic resonance imaging of the neck area and electromyographic examination.
How to treat?
Treatment is assigned based on the diagnosis of the patient. The doctor pays special attention to measures that normalize the nervous system (taking sedatives). In the presence of an inflammatory process in the throat, the patient is prescribed to take anti-inflammatory drugs and a set of physiotherapeutic procedures — electro- or ionophoresis, mud therapy, and novocain blockades. In addition, unconventional therapies (eg, acupuncture or hypnosis) may be used in the treatment of the disease.
During the whole treatment, you need to eat right (food should not be hard, hot or cold), have a lot of rest, stop smoking (cigarette smoke can cause throat spasm), drink alcohol, and often go on the street. Particular attention is recommended to give to their psychological state (the absence of stresses significantly shortens the period of recovery). The treatment forecast is favorable.