Neurosis: symptoms and treatment
Prolonged and chronic disorders of the human nervous system, which are characteristic of a change in the psychoemotional state are called neurosis. The disease is caused by a decrease in both mental ability and physical, as well as the appearance of obsessive thoughts, hysteria and asthenic manifestations. Neuroses refer to a group of diseases that have a protracted flow pattern. This disease affects people who are characterized by persistent fatigue, lack of sleep, distress, distress, etc.
About what neurosis has become known since 1776, thanks to the research of Scottish physician William Cullen. A more detailed study of this disease and its species was carried out by the Russian scientist IP Pavlov.
A Variety of Neuroses
In medicine, there are four main types of mental neuroses that have been studied and studied for many centuries. These species bear the following names:
- Depressive . Characteristic signs of decadent mood, inhibition in intellectual development
- Hysterical neurosis is due to an underestimated self-esteem among people around them. There is a sense of lack of attention, which leads to the behavior of the behavior and a complete reassessment of the individual. Hysterical neurosis often starts from the very childhood.
- Asthenic or neurasthenia . Characteristic factors of the disease: fatigue, mood imbalance and the state of total oppression
- Alarming . The name says that this disease is based on the appearance of factors of fear, increased anxiety, depression.
- Bulimic neurosis . Refers to mental disorders and is characterized by the manifestation of unrestrained eating of high-calorie food. Bulimic neurosis is more common among men (about 60%), less often in women.
These neuroses have their own individual causes, as well as symptoms of leakage, so pay special attention to each species.
Causes of neurosis
The main factors for the emergence of a disease based on mental disorders include physical and psychological effects. Experienced doctors distinguished the following reasons for the emergence of mental deficiencies in humans:
- Great stress on the brain or serious emotional experiences. Loads of mental nature are inherent in children, and such reasons as unwanted dismissal, divorce, discontent with life — this is typical for adults.
- Lack of solutions to various problems. The main cause of mental disorder is considered to be different types of pressure from other people. For example, loans of money, which ultimately need to be returned, but when there are none, then there is nothing to return. In this situation, the borrower begins to put pressure on the borrower, which causes the neurotic disorder in the second.
- Characteristic signs of forgetfulness, which ultimately lead to serious consequences (death of people, damage to property, illness). These consequences in a person settle in the soul and do not allow for a normal existence. There is a state of self-incrimination, the appearance of doubt.
- Deviations in the development of the central nervous system are reduced to the fact that a person is incapable of prolonged physical and mental stress. These causes contribute to the development of asthenic neurosis.
- Diseases through which total or partial depletion of the body occurs. Typical diseases of this kind are considered tuberculosis, influenza, etc. An important reason, which is typical for the provocation of neuroses is the person’s addiction to alcoholic beverages or narcotic substances.
At the present time neuroses have entered the everyday life of a person imperceptibly, and it is almost impossible to say how many people this disease is not aware of. For some people, this disorder is considered normal, and for someone — it’s suffering, the way out of which people find not in medical preparations, but in alcohol, religion, work. Thus, trying to escape from the main sources of mental disorders.
There is an opinion that neuroses are protective factors of the brain, providing protection from adverse social and psychological influences. Such influences include: aggressive attitude of parents towards the child or, on the contrary, too much care, isolation or humiliation, neglect. It is not excluded and genetic predisposition, which in the end can manifest itself both in older age, and in children. When the parents allow everything to the child, he gets used to it, and already when entering a kindergarten or school, the attitude of peers and teachers towards him will be correspondingly different. In this case, children have conflict situations, which is reflected primarily on the child’s psyche.
From this it turns out that even from a small age, the cause of the subsequent neurosis in children develops.
Thus, the psychological reasons for provoking a neurosis are:
- features of teaching methods;
- the level of parents’ claims to the child
- Human relationships in the social sphere
- Characteristics of personality development
The biological causes that cause neuroses are characterized by:
- Functional deficiency;
- deviations in the background of congenital pathologies
- physical injuries;
- traumas in women with severe labor or through abortion
Based on the causes of the onset of the disease, there are corresponding symptoms in humans.
Knowing now what neurosis is and the reasons for its occurrence, it is worth paying special attention to the symptoms. Symptoms of the disease in adults and children differ in forms of severity, so we will consider in more detail.
Symptoms of the disease are divided into two forms of manifestation: somatic and mental.
Somatic symptoms of neurosis are characterized by the manifestation of pain, such as:
- The occurrence of headaches, characterized by the duration and the sudden appearance. Pain sensations in the heart and abdomen, muscles and joints, which is the root cause of malaise. Also, the appearance of hand tremors and frequent urination, which are not necessarily reinforced with kidney and genital diseases, are common.
- It is peculiar for a person to get tired quickly, even if he did not do anything. At the same time fatigue is both physical and mental. There is no desire to do any work, there is a decline in efficiency. A person with symptoms of a neurosis becomes drowsy and gloomy.
- Darkening in the eyes, disorientation in the area, dizziness and even fainting are all symptoms of the disease.
- The appearance of sweating is characterized by a frequency of appearance. This sweating does not come from hot weather, but from constant fear, anxiety, nervousness. Particularly active is the secretion of sweat at night, when a person sleeps, and the next morning finds a wet pillow.
- Mental disorders affect the decrease in potency and may eventually develop a disease like prostatitis.
- Vestibular apparatus is disrupted. Signs of this disorder are frequent dizziness, especially when the head is tilted back. These dizziness in the initial stages are rare, but with the development of the ailment intensify and cause discomfort when performing physical work.
- Power failure. The psychological form causes a violation of the appetite in a person, and this can be both malnutrition and overeating. Overeating or excessive consumption of fatty foods suggests that a person has a bulimic neurosis. Against the background of mental disorders a person finds solace in eating, which causes another problem — obesity. Frequent nutrition also does not solve the problem of neurosis, so treatment will be required.
- The appearance of insomnia or the constant desire to sleep. Depending on the person and the reason for provoking a neurosis, one or another symptom may be inherent. During sleep, frequent awakenings are caused by nightmares.
- Health problems that affect the human psyche. He worries about his health, about what to do next, how to be.
Mental symptoms of the disease :
- Emotional stress resulting from a lack of apparent causes.
- The reaction to stressful situations in patients with neurosis manifests itself in the form of closure and fixation on one. A person constantly experiences something for something, thinks, but at the same time does not do anything useful. Quite often, «withdrawal into oneself» can cause phobias, which must be prevented through treatment.
- Symptoms of the disease manifest themselves in the form of memory loosening, the person becomes forgetful, complains of the variety of thoughts in the head.
- The sensitivity of the body to sudden changes in temperature. Also, the pain causes bright light and loud sound. The patient wants solitude and silence.
- Inferiority complex in communication. A patient with neurosis can be characterized by either an overestimated self-esteem, or an underestimate.
- Symptoms of the disease are also characterized by uncertainty and inconsistency. For people, it is inherently wrong to determine preferences and setting household priorities.
- A person becomes irritable over trifles, difficult to predict and sensitive to small things in his address.
All these symptoms can develop into a chronic malaise, and this is a more complex form of neurosis.
Symptoms of neurosis in women
Signs of neurosis in the fair sex have their own characteristics, which should be discussed. First of all, women are characterized by asthenic neurosis (neurasthenia), conditioned by irritability, loss of mental and physical ability, and also leading to problems in sexual life.
Women have three forms of asthenic neurosis, which are characterized by the following symptoms:
- The hypersthenic form is characterized by the initial stage of neurosis and is conditioned by the manifestation of irritability and mild excitement. Women in this state react negatively to noise, talk, bright light. They feel uncomfortable, surrounded by people. Carelessly and emotionally behave in the family, especially with regard to children. Night for women with neurosis turns into a nightmare.
- Irritable form is due to increased excitability, but at the same time, an increase in fatigue symptoms. As a result of the influence of noise, uncontrolled self-control is inherent. Women in the second stage become more aggressive, distracted, depressed and dangerous.
- The hyposthenic form refers to the final stage, which is very difficult to treat. Even in the absence of problems and concerns, a woman with a neurosis is characterized by a manifestation of aggression towards others, and at the same moment depression and exhaustion. Signs of neurosis of the third stage in women are characterized by a constant desire for rest or sleep. Often, ladies resort to reducing pain through alcohol.
Pediatric Symptoms of Neurosis
In children, the symptoms of an ailment are provoked through improper education of the child, or, more precisely, its practical absence. In this case, children can often observe the following picture of the symptoms of the disease:
- decreased appetite and sleep sensitivity. There are troubles with nightmares, as a result of which the child wakes up and cries;
- cold sweat during sleep, and when you feel the limbs, they feel cold;
- the occurrence of headaches in children, which the child tries to hide from the parents at the initial stages of the neurosis
- the painful effect of bright light and loud sounds that cause headaches and fussiness
- Instability of the behavior, as a result of which the child can cry at any time.
Children also exhibit a manifestation of a mental disorder, referred to as a hysterical neurosis. Her symptoms include manifestations of hysterical seizures. These seizures have the following form of manifestation: for no reason the child falls to the floor and begins to cry, while kicking and complaining and complaining.
For children, neurosis is a more dangerous disease, since a fairly young brain that has not yet formed is very difficult to fight with signs of neurosis, so the disease progresses quickly enough and can lead to complete mental decomposition.
To prevent the progression of the disease, it is necessary to undergo a diagnosis and begin appropriate treatment.
Diagnosis of neuroses includes a correct assessment of symptoms. First of all, it is necessary to exclude other diseases similar in somatic symptoms with neuroses. This disease of the internal organs of man.
Diagnosis of neurosis is quite difficult due to the lack of objective and practical indicators that would describe the disease. The doctor can not prescribe tests, since neuroses do not have the ability to be diagnosed by examinations on special medical equipment.
The disease is diagnosed using a color technique. In the technique, all colors are involved, and the neurosis-like syndrome manifests itself in the selection and repetition of violet, gray, black and brown colors. Hysterical neurosis is characterized by the choice of only two colors: red and purple, which indicates 99% of the underestimated self-esteem of the patient.
For the diagnosis of neurosis, an experienced doctor will be required who will interview the patient and make a final conclusion. For the possibility of excluding diseases of internal organs, a hospital examination is allowed.
«How to cure neurosis, if it is a mental disorder, and not a physical manifestation?» — a question quite common among users who have symptoms of the disease both in themselves and in children.
How to treat a neurosis, if it is characterized by a mental disorder, many methods and techniques are known. Consider ways of treatment through psychotherapy, medication and home exposure.
Treatment of neuroses by means of psychotherapy involves the impact on the patient’s psyche, his persuasion, awareness of reality. It is also necessary to identify the root cause of the development of the disease, and if it is incorporated into genes or originates from an early childhood, treatment by one psychotherapy will be ineffective and will not bring the desired result.
Medication involves taking appropriate medications, the action of which is aimed at restoring the processes going on in the brain. These processes include inhibition and excitation. To stimulate inhibition, bromine is used, and caffeine is responsible for the excitation.
In acute attacks of neurosis, doctors prescribe the following drugs:
These drugs are high-speed, and are caused by the effectiveness of treatment. The principle of the effect of drugs is based on a calming effect on the central nervous system, which results in a reduction in the symptoms of the manifestation of the disease.
For information! Do not forget that all drugs must be prescribed by a doctor!
There is another common agent — Amisil. He has a therapeutic effect in neurotic disorders and acts as a corrector of neuroleptic therapy. Do not forget that all listed medications are caused by the presence of side effects, so at their first signs it is necessary to stop taking and consult a doctor.
Treatment of neurosis at home is the most common way, since this disease requires a revision of their thoughts and exit from this state. The first home treatment is sport. No matter what kind of sport (gymnastics, running) will be chosen, the main thing is to start physically developing. Treatment of neurosis at home through physical exertion has a positive effect on the heart and the body as a whole, enriching it with fresh oxygen. For the classes should be given no more than 15 minutes a day and after a week the result will be noticeable.
At home, the treatment of acute and chronic neuroses is carried out through proper nutrition, which includes vitamins and minerals stimulating the work of the brain in the diet.
Treatment of color therapy involves wearing extremely warm and light colors. The tension can be removed by viewing the pictures or walking along the green garden, from which you will get a double effect — both relaxation and enrichment with fresh oxygen.
At home, acute neuroses can be treated with music therapy. To calm the chosen melody or song, which is worth listening to for 30 minutes every day (preferably before going to bed). Provide for yourself the opportunity to rest more and not to think about the bad, not to worry about trifles and not take various offenses to heart.
Now knowing the answer to the question of how to treat neurosis, you can take the first steps to counteract it, in order to prevent progression and deterioration of the situation.