Obstructive bronchitis in children: symptoms and treatment
Obstructive bronchitis in children is an inflammatory process in the bronchial tree, which occurs with obstruction. It leads to a narrowing of the lumen of the bronchi, which causes a violation of the patency of air through them. It occurs in children from one year to six years old, and is the most common childhood disease (of all that affects the respiratory system). In some cases, inflammation can repeatedly occur. The most defeated diseases are those children who attend kindergarten.
Obstructive bronchitis in infants is much less common, but it is more difficult. May lead to suffocation, so that parents should closely monitor the breathing of their child, especially during sleep. The main cause of its appearance are allergic reactions. The difficulty of diagnosing such a disease in children under one year is that the infant can not say what exactly is disturbing him. Obstructive respiration and the release of mucus secreted during coughing can lead to severe consequences for the health of the child. But with timely access to a doctor and qualified treatment, you can almost always avoid complications.
According to statistics, only a quarter of all cases of manifestation of bronchitis are obstructive. If the symptoms of the disease are observed for three weeks or more, the disease develops from acute to chronic.
Such a disease is easily treatable, especially in the early stages. Medications can be versatile, but most often doctors resort to the use of traditional medicine techniques in tandem with folk remedies. Surgical intervention is not practiced.
One of the main, and often occurring causes of obstructive bronchitis in children, is the infection of the child with the flu or ARVI. Other causes of this disease include:
- great variety and untimely treatment of diseases caused by viruses
- unhealthy lifestyle of a woman during pregnancy, abuse of alcohol and nicotine, which greatly affects the child, and leads to congenital pathologies of the structure of organs
- the child’s inhalation of tobacco smoke
- environmental pollution
- an alien small thing or piece of food in the airway
- weakened immunity;
- Prematurity of the child and premature birth.
In the course of the inflammatory process, obstructive bronchitis happens:
- acute — after recovery there is no re-expression of the disease
- Chronic — with repeated remission, which can occur several times throughout the year.
The manifestation of symptoms is divided into three stages:
- Light. Signs of manifestation are: a mild cough and general weakness of the body
- of moderate severity — symptoms are minor headache and fever;
- very heavy — at which there are signs of suffocation and loss of consciousness. Allergic obstructive bronchitis in children is classified as such.
The first symptoms of obstructive bronchitis appear on the third day after the withdrawal of the main inflammatory process, and in children up to a year — the next.
Among the most common symptoms are:
- cough (especially severe at night or in the morning)
- vomiting (manifested only in infants)
- Sleep disorder
- acute headache;
- pain between the shoulder blades
- sputum. It may or may not stand out at all, or in a very small amount (with a yellowish tint);
- lethargy and weakness of the body
- high anxiety and anxiety of the child
- nasal congestion
- redness of the throat;
- inconvenient and frequent breathing
- severe shortness of breath;
- short-term loss of consciousness
- Lack of appetite
- blueing of the tip of the nose and ears, lips and nails in infants who have not turned a year old
- wheezing and whistling with inspiration
The above symptoms are especially dangerous for children, age less than a year, as the small organism is not yet strong, the immunity has not been established. This becomes the cause of rapid progression of obstructive bronchitis. Fetal breathing is very dangerous for the baby, as it can lead to choking and death of a crumb.
For an experienced doctor, it is not difficult to determine the disease. Counseling and diagnosis are carried out:
- Children’s pulmonologist
- The otolaryngologist
During the diagnosis, the doctor examines the child, always listens to his breathing, listens to complaints about the state of health and manifested signs of the disease from the child’s parents, and assigns tests:
- biochemical blood test
- Sputum laboratory testing
- allergic tests to detect allergens;
- Radiography, but only if the child is a year old, before this, it is better not to do this to children
- Spirometry — to determine lung function
Based on the results obtained, the degree of disease progression is determined and treatment is prescribed. During the diagnosis, treatment options and the possibility of using folk remedies are discussed.
At the first manifestations of symptoms of obstructive bronchitis in infants, you need to immediately seek help from doctors. Any delay in treatment, especially acute bronchitis, and the elimination of symptoms, can lead to heart failure, respiratory problems, suffocation and child death.
Treatment at the initial stage can be done by parents independently, but only after consulting a doctor, and if symptoms are poorly expressed. It consists in:
- ensuring abundant drinking;
- eliminating the dryness of the air in the room (the temperature should not exceed twenty-two degrees);
- Normalization of body temperature. If it rose to thirty-eight degrees, then you can give antipyretics
- Warm baths (but not more than fifteen minutes)
- mustard plaster;
- inhalations with medicinal substances;
- folk remedies.
You can treat obstructive bronchitis with medicines only when the child has an allergic type of ailment. They are also allowed to use them to eliminate the concomitant disease.
For the treatment will be favorable compliance with a non-strict diet, which consists of:
- eating raw fruits and vegetables
- adding vitamins to the diet;
- limit the child from chocolate, honey, citrus fruits and all kinds of spicy spices
- reducing the body’s intoxication with a large amount of drinking, such as fruit drinks, nectar, herbal teas, freshly squeezed juices, mineral water.
The folk methods of treating obstructive bronchitis consist of decoctions and infusions:
- the root of the spring primrose;
- black radish and honey
- onions infused with honey
- mandarin peel;
- buckwheat and lingonberry flowers
- Sage with milk
- ginger tea;
- almonds and chicory
Folk remedies should only be combined with other methods of treatment, and not used as the only way to eliminate the ailment.
Prevention of obstructive bronchitis in children should be performed by parents. First of all, it is aimed at eliminating any factors that may contribute to the manifestation of symptoms:
- maintaining the air humidity in the room in which the child is
- discard bad habits
- timely treatment of diseases that can contribute to the occurrence of bronchitis
- protect the child from contact with people who are infected with colds
- strengthening of immunity;
- premature prevention of influenza and acute respiratory viral infection in winter
- inspect the child in the clinic several times a year.