Opposimenorrhea: symptoms and treatment
Opposomenorrhea is a condition that is characterized by an increase in the duration of the menstrual cycle for more than 35 days. Such a failure may indicate the development in the body of a woman of serious ailments that can threaten not only her health, but also life. It can also adversely affect her reproductive function. Often, oposmenorea is accompanied by a decrease in the volume of blood produced. Normally during menstruation should be allocated from 100 to 150 ml, but with this pathology this volume can be reduced to 25 ml.
Clinicians identify 2 forms of ailment:
- congenital. It is also often called the primary. Its progression is said in case if such a long cycle was formed initially,
- Acquired. Disorders have appeared under the influence of various unfavorable factors.
The cause of the primary form of the disease is a disruption of the development of the organs of the reproductive system during puberty. Also, can develop asthenia, asthenia, hypoplasia, infantilism.
Acquired otosomenorrhea may begin to develop due to a variety of reasons:
- strong physical overexertion
- parasitic ailments
- failure of the endocrine glands
- heart and vascular disease;
- malnutrition, which led to the exhaustion of the body
- infectious and inflammatory diseases of the genitourinary system
- trauma to the uterus and ovaries. This group includes bruises, penetrating wounds, as well as abortions and mini-abortions;
- necrosis of pituitary cells;
- benign and malignant tumors in the brain
- autoimmune causes (the body begins to produce antibodies to the ovaries).
Opsomenorrhea has 2 variants of percolation:
- monophase extended cycle
- Two-phase elongated cycle
In the case of the first type, the pathological process begins to progress because of genital hypoplasia. There is a decrease in the ability of follicles to complete maturation. Endometrium in the uterine cavity has a slight degree of atrophy, which corresponds to the onset of proliferation.
In this case, the possible cause of the progression of opsonomena is the follicle’s persistence without its transition to the phase of the yellow body. Ripening follicles contribute to the acceleration of the processes of growth of the endometrium. When their atresia is observed, the level of estrogen in the woman’s blood drops sharply, which leads to the rejection of hyperplastic endometrial cells.
For the two-phase type of development of the disease is characterized by an elongation of the process of maturation of the follicle. But after such a delay, its normal maturation is observed. The follicle passes into the shortened phase of the yellow body. If you perform a rectal temperature measurement, it can be noted that it is above 37 degrees.
The main symptom of this disease is the increased interval between cycles. But there may also be additional symptoms:
- back pain and lower abdominal pain
- increased irritability;
- fast fatigue;
In order to confirm the diagnosis, the doctor needs to conduct a diagnosis of the condition of organs and systems in the woman’s body. A standard diagnostic plan for suspected ailments, includes:
- anamnesis collection (it is necessary to not only clarify the diagnosis, but also to reveal the true cause of its development)
- examination and examination for abnormal development of the genitals
- blood biochemistry
- A clinical blood test
- Urine analysis
- secret from the cervix to hormones
- blood on hormones
- blood for HIV and for detection of STDs
In case of confirmation of the diagnosis, it is shown as soon as possible to begin to treat this illness, since such disorder can cause infertility in the future.
If a woman has various sexual infections in therapy, antibiotics are included. They also help to eliminate inflammatory processes in the female genital organs. In medicamental therapy necessarily include hormonal drugs. The duration of hormone therapy is determined strictly by the individual physician, taking into account the general condition of the patient and the peculiarities of her pathology. In some cases, hormone treatment is carried out by courses, and in some, such drugs will need to be taken before menopause.
Treatment of opsonorea also includes:
- homeopathic preparations. This method of treatment is usually combined with the intake of hormones;
- taking immunostimulating drugs
- weight normalization
- elimination of physical and psychoemotional loads. Sometimes after that, the cycle can normalize itself, without using other methods of treatment;
- diet therapy;
It is worth noting that the treatment with the help of physiotherapeutic procedures has its contraindications — grade 3 hypertension, oncological pathologies.
Treatment of the disease will not be necessary, if you take time to prevent it. Observance of simple recommendations will help to avoid the progression of such a dangerous pathological condition as opdomenoreya:
- full nutrition
- moderate exercise;
- Stress situations should be avoided whenever possible
- regularly come for preventive examination to the gynecologist.