Pancreatic Tumor: Symptoms and Treatment


A pancreatic tumor is a tumor that is located in the pancreas or epithelium of the glandular tissue. Can be both benign and malignant. With timely treatment begun, the neoplasm is easily treated. With disregard for treatment, such benign pancreatic tumors may progress to malignancy.

Etiology

Despite the fact that this is a very common disease, the reasons for its appearance have not been sufficiently studied. The cause may be surrounding factors, for example — bad ecology or frequent contact with harmful chemicals. The direct cause is often never established. But there are a number of factors that contribute to the formation of a pancreatic tumor.

There are such reasons:


  • smoking and drinking;
  • chronic pancreatitis;
  • Pancreatic cyst
  • Liver cirrhosis

One of the most common causes of the appearance of this disease is a violation of the diet and excessive consumption of unhealthy foods. Also one of the sources of the development of the disease can be overweight.

Often the cause of the appearance of a pancreatic tail tumor is heredity. If among relatives, there were those who suffered an oncological disease, the probability of occurrence of this new formation raises. People with diabetes are also at risk.

Classification

There are benign and malignant (cancerous) pancreatic tumor.

Benign tumor has several types:


  1. Lipoma;
  2. fibroma;
  3. insuloma (neuroendocrine tumors of the pancreas);
  4. ganglion
  5. neurinoma
  6. Leiomyoma
  7. hemangioma;
  8. Lymphangioma
  9. adenoma.

Symptoms

The clinical picture of a benign and malignant tumor is almost identical. The only difference is that the malignant pancreatic tumor often progresses with metastases to the liver.

The clinical picture of the disease manifests itself in the form of such symptoms:


  • Impairment of appetite
  • weakness;
  • fast fatigue;
  • nausea.

One of the first causes of a cystic pancreatic tumor is a painful sensation in the area under the xiphoid process. These pains occur suddenly and without cause, often intensify at rest.

Benign tumor in the first stages does not have pronounced symptoms and can develop at all asymptomatically. As the disease develops, there may be signs of a pathological process developing:


  1. a sharp drop in weight;
  2. jaundice of the skin
  3. frequent pain in the abdomen;
  4. pathology of the head of the pancreas.

A benign pancreatic tumor can also cause painful sensations. This can contribute to its increase to a large size, because with increasing the size of the tumor, neighboring organs can be squeezed. Also, an enlarged tumor can squeeze the common bile duct, as evidenced by such signs:


  • dark urine
  • itching;
  • discolored stools;
  • increased sweat allocation
  • pallor of the skin;
  • chills;
  • pain in the liver.

With such symptoms, you should immediately seek medical help, and not self-medicate.

Diagnostics

Diagnosis of pancreatic tumors is carried out only in clinical settings. Since the disease is not characterized by pronounced symptoms, it is rarely detected in the first stages. Diagnose it with ultrasound is almost impossible, because the pancreas is among many other surrounding organs.

To diagnose a benign tumor or cancer, doctors prescribe a number of tests:


  1. general and biochemical blood test
  2. An analysis that identifies proteins that are secreted into the bloodstream during malignant formation
  3. Coprogram;
  4. general urine analysis

In addition to tests, such examinations are appointed:


  • computed tomography
  • ultrasound studies
  • Magnetic resonance imaging
  • endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography
  • Magnetic resonance pancreatocholangiography

Also for the diagnosis of the disease, a histological examination can be carried out, during which a small piece of tumor tissue is taken.

In addition to a number of instrumental and laboratory studies, a gastroenterologist can conduct a general examination with a general and personal history.

Treatment

Treatment of a pancreatic tumor is performed only by surgery — an operation is performed to remove the tumor. Typically, the formation itself and a small part of the pancreas are removed, and a small part of the stomach is also removed. In some cases, part of the duodenum, gallbladder and a number of lymph nodes are removed. Such manipulations are carried out in order to prevent the spread of the tumor.





After surgical intervention, without fail, the patient must undergo chemotherapy. This therapy is performed to eliminate metastases. Sometimes radiotherapy is carried out.

When spreading cancer to blood vessels and other organs, surgery is prohibited, as this can be dangerous for the patient.

During the rehabilitation period, patients can prescribe drugs that are aimed at accelerating recovery.

In the case when it is impossible to perform a surgical operation to remove a cancerous tumor, palliative treatment is carried out, which is aimed at improving the life of the patient.

In the presence of severe pain, prescribe the use of analgesics and narcotic painkillers.

Also, treatment implies strict adherence to a diet. Products that the patient uses must be:


  1. boiled;
  2. steamed
  3. baked;
  4. unsalted
  5. without spices.

The permitted products are:


  • soups made from vegetables
  • curd and kefir products (necessarily defatted)
  • herbs from herbs
  • fruit juices
  • protein omelettes for steaming
  • porridge and pasta
  • baked apples and pears.

You can drink compotes and light tea without sugar.

Also with this disease, you should forget about products such as:


  1. fried foods
  2. spicy food
  3. smoked products
  4. Alcohol;
  5. Carbonated water
  6. Coffee;
  7. strong tea
  8. Sweet;
  9. bakery products
  10. Oily fish.

In the popular treatment of pancreatic tumors, various infusions and herbal infusions are usually used. One of the most common is the infusion of wormwood. Such a decoction is taken in a spoon about 30 minutes before eating.

Possible complications

In the absence of treatment, it is possible to convert a benign tumor into a malignant tumor, which leads to a pancreatic pathology with metastases.

Prevention

In total, there is no prophylaxis of a pancreatic tumor. But there are recommendations that should be adhered to, so as not to aggravate the disease. Observance of proper nutrition remains important. It is necessary to refuse harmful and heavy food. It is recommended to eat foods that contain fiber. It is strongly recommended that you forget about bad habits.

If there is inflammation of the pancreas, it should be immediately treated.

It is very important to have a regular check-up with a doctor who can prevent the appearance of such a disease.

Forecast

If the diagnosis is not timely and treatment is not performed, complications and manifestation of secondary pathologies are possible. Most complications result in pancreatic cancer. Even if a pancreatic tumor is removed, the mortality of patients after surgery is between 8 and 35% for five years.