There are quite many penis disorders. We will look at the most common infectious and inflammatory diseases affecting the penis.
Infectious and inflammatory disorders of the penis
Infectious penis disorders occur more frequently as inflammation and it is the body’s response to a foreign pathogen.
The most common sexually transmitted disease is herpes simplex virus type 2. It is characterized by chronicity (a lifelong presence in the body) with acute attacks which are followed by the periods of remission.
The symptoms of this penis disorder:
- small blisters on a swollen and red skin;
- subjective sensations (itching, burning, pain);
- urinary retention;
- common signs of a fever (in neglected cases);
- brown plaques.
It is not possible to completely recover from genital herpes. Topical and systemic treatment includes the use of acyclovir.
Sexually transmitted human papillomavirus in men may not manifest any symptoms for a long time.
HPV in men causes the development of:
- pointed condyloma.
Penis is most often affected by the types of HPV causing the development of pointed condyloma.
On a picture we can see that this sexually transmitted penis disease is characterized by a group of many flesh-colored raised papular lesions. In further development they remind of a cauliflower. They are easily injured and have a tendency to bleed. To cure the disease, a surgical interference is required to remove the condyloma. Drugs boosting the immunity are indicated as an adjunctive therapy.
This pathology is caused by Treponema Pallidum and refers to sexually transmitted penis disorders. The disease is developing in three periods and each period has its own symptoms:
- Primary syphilis is characterized by the development of a hard chancre (painless sore with smooth red bald bottom) on the affected surface.
- Secondary syphilis is characterized by the development of a rash of various forms and structures (papules, pustules) which leads to skin peeling but it does not cause subjective sensations.
- Tertiary syphilis affects the central nervous system and causes the development of syphilitic gumma on different organs as well as a rash of many forms and structures.
Today syphilis is curable.
This disorder affects the immunity because of the growth of conditionally pathogenic flora, namely Candida type yeast-like fungi.
The symptoms of this penis disorder:
- white caseous matter;
- itching, burning
- discomfort and pain during a sexual intercourse and urination;
- signs of inflammation (redness, edema).
Candidosis in men requires topical treatment with antifungal drugs and systemic therapy in more severe cases.
Gonorrhea and non-specific urethritis
This group of penis disorders manifest the same symptoms. The sole causative agent of gonorrhea is the gram-negative bacterium, Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Non-specific urethritis may be caused by:
Common symptoms of penis disorders:
- itchy and burning penis;
- painful urination;
- discomfort during and after a sexual intercourse;
- urethral discharge of various character;
Laboratory methods of diagnostics are necessary to confirm the diagnosis. Treatment choice is individual and is indicated after identifying antibiotic sensitivity.
Inflammatory penis disorders
Inflammatory penis disorders occur very rarely, but they cause a significant discomfort.
Balanitis is swelling of the head of the penis and means inflammation of the glans. Posthitis is the inflammation of the foreskin (prepuce) of the human penis. These pathologies rarely occur independently and that is why they are usually collectively referred to as balanoposthitis.
These penis disorders develop because of the smegma infection which is formed under the foreskin.
Symptoms of the disorder:
- Subjective sensations (itching and burning);
- discomfort from the foreskin opening;
- purulent discharge.
A minor disorder requires strict observance of hygiene of the intimate zone and topical use of antiseptics. Antibiotics are indicated for severe cases.
This is an inflammatory disease of the cavernous of the penis. Any infectious disease expanded to the genitourinary system may be the cause of this disorder.
Symptoms of the penis disorder:
- pain in the penis;
- edema and bluish color of the penis;
- painful erection.
Cavernitis requires inpatient treatment with antibiotics. In some cases a surgical interference is indicated.
Children may have congenital anomalies and disorders.
An early consultation with the doctor may help to solve the problems in many cases.
Phimosis and paraphimosis
Phimosis is the condition of the penis when the foreskin cannot be fully retracted.
Paraphimosis is the failure to return the foreskin to its normal location (usually occurs after self-treatment of phimosis). These pathologies cause dysuria and pain.
Such penis disorders are surgically treated; the incision is performed to release the glans.
Hypospadias and epispadias
The pictures showing these penis disorders are well-known to every man. These are congenital defects when the urethra is not located at the tip of the penis. Hypospadias is when urethra opens on the underside of the penis (sometimes along the shaft of the penis or where the penis and scrotum meet). Epispadias is when urethra opens on the upper aspect of the penis (the primary cause of the disorder is non-closure of the urethra plate).
These disorders are often accompanied by other defects of the genitourinary system and require only a surgical intervention.
Rare penis disorders
Among rare disorders are penis malignant tumor and prolonged erection causing much discomfort to men.
Priapism is a long-lasting erection. A large penis has reddish and bluish discoloration and causes great pain to a man. Because of CNS disorders or as a result of the effect of certain medications, a pathology develops. The treatment may be both conservative and surgical.
The following factors may provoke malignant tumor:
- penis skin disorders;
- chronic balanoposthitis;
- lichen sclerosis.
Types of cancer:
- Painful erosion and sores develop.
- Penetrates deep into the organ and gradually develops.
- Malformations reminding of HPV symptoms. This is the most benign tumor.
Surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy are used for curing cancer.
Prevention of skin and mucosa penis disorders
- Personal hygiene;
- reasonable sexual activity;
- safe sexual intercourse;
- timely treatment of any infection;
- regular visits to the urologist;
- safely use of antibiotics and hormonal drugs.
To prevent the development of penis congenital anomalies, you should observe certain preventive measures. However is some cases the cause of the anomalies is not known yet.