Pharyngotracheitis: Symptoms and Treatment
Pharyngotracheitis is an inflammation of the trachea and pharynx caused by staphylococci or pneumococci, viruses (influenza, parainfluenza, adenoviruses) and fungi. Also, other causes can contribute to the appearance of the disease, such as inhaling cold, dry, polluted air, cigarette smoke, or a foci of infection that is already present in the human body (carious tooth, rhinitis, otitis). The disease affects people from different age groups, including children.
Especially dangerous if acute pharyngotracheitis occurs in children. This ailment leads to a disruption in the function of breathing. As a consequence, the child may begin to suffocate. In this case, you should immediately begin to provide the patient with emergency care, since even a lethal outcome may occur.
It is important when the first symptoms of pharyngotracheitis in a child immediately go to a qualified medical specialist. If you do not pay attention to them and do not tackle the disease, then it will go to a chronic stage. Such a state is extremely dangerous not only for health, but also for the life of the child. And sometimes, to eliminate it, doctors have to resort to radical measures:
- intubation. This is a manipulation in which a child or an adult is injected into the larynx and trachea with a special tube that allows him to breathe normally
- tracheostomy. This is a surgical procedure in which a patient is dissected by a trachea to insert a metal cannula. This intervention is indicated if the larynx and trachea lumen is too narrow and the person is practically or completely unable to breathe.
There are several reasons that lead to the development of pharyngotracheitis in children and adults:
- upper respiratory infections
- infection of the body with staphylococci and streptococci
- influenza and parainfluenza virus
Most often, this disease affects just young children. In the beginning it proceeds in an acute form. It is important not to miss the appearance of the first symptoms, since if the pathology is not detected and cured in time, it can go on to a chronic stage. Chronic pharyngotracheitis will be cured much more difficultly.
In children and adults, the symptoms of the disease are the same. For pharyngotracheitis is characterized by the following symptoms:
- pain when swallowing
- pain in the neck and sternum
- dry, heavy cough
- Pershing and burning in the throat;
- the appearance of a rash (this symptom is manifested primarily in children)
- shortness of breath;
- Difficult breathing
- increased fatigue;
Symptoms at an early stage of the development of the disease:
- runny nose
- temperature increase;
Coughing in a child can be so strong and protracted that during the attack, you can notice a change in the color of the skin — it turns red with a bluish tinge.
To confirm the diagnosis, you should consult an ENT doctor and take a survey. To confirm or refute the diagnosis, the following methods are used:
- biochemical blood test
- a smear from the throat;
- Ultrasound examination
- examining the patient;
- pharyngoscopy (examination of the pharynx under artificial illumination)
Once the diagnosis is confirmed, it is necessary to immediately start treatment of pharyngotracheitis. The treatment plan can be made only by a qualified doctor. First of all, he will need to find out what caused the development of pathology. After identifying the pathogen, drugs are prescribed that can completely destroy the infectious agent.
The patient is prescribed drugs to strengthen the immune system. If the disease appeared as a result of the activity of bacteria and fungi, then a broad-spectrum antibiotic (Gramicidin C, Fusafungin) is prescribed.
For the treatment of children, medication is prescribed with caution, taking into account the general state of the child’s body, as well as the features of the course of the disease. Children are trying to prescribe the most sparing synthetic medications.
Treatment with folk methods
Folk methods of fighting pharyngotracheitis are very effective. But they can be used to treat a child only with the permission of the attending physician. It is unacceptable to engage in self-medication, as it is possible not only to not improve the patient’s condition, but even to worsen it. Folk methods of treatment are not recommended to use only if the ailment has passed into a chronic stage. In this case, only the official medicine can help the patient.
With pharyngotracheitis, a very effective treatment is inhalation with medications, as well as medicinal herbs.
Inhalation can be done with the addition of:
- potato peel.
After the inhalation, it is recommended that the child be wrapped in a warm blanket and put in bed.
Effective folk remedies for the treatment of pharyngotracheitis:
- milk. When treating pharyngotracheitis, milk is often used, as it contains a large amount of vitamins (A, D, E, B1, B2, B12, B6, PP, C), which are especially useful for a child. In order to prepare an effective folk remedy, it is necessary to add a spoon and honey and a piece of butter to the milk. The mixture should be taken slowly, in small sips;
- Plantain. A plant that, in its medicinal properties, is not inferior to expensive drugs. Plantain is often used to make syrups, medicines that effectively fight respiratory diseases in both adults and children. You can make tea with plantain. Leaves of plantain pour a glass of hot water and boil the mixture in a water bath. After cooling, filter and take a tablespoon every hour. You can also make syrup from the plantain. This remedy is simply indispensable in the treatment of pharyngotracheitis. To make it, dry leaves of plantain, water, sugar are required. The syrup is cooked over low heat for 20 minutes. Further filter through a bandage or gauze bandage, cool and take a teaspoon 3 times a day;
- Beetroot. This vegetable contains a lot of useful minerals and vitamins (zinc, iron, magnesium, fiber, folic acid, provitamin A, carbohydrates, vitamins B1, B5, B6, PP, C, E) . Infusion of beetroot is recommended to gargle. You can also make beet syrup. It should be given to the child 4-5 times a day;
- chamomile. It is made from her infusion. You need to take the flowers of chamomile, pour them with water and brew in a water bath. Ready broth strain, cool and take small portions throughout the day. With the decoction of chamomile, you can also do compresses. But this procedure should be carried out only once a day until the symptoms of pharyngotracheitis disappear completely;
- sea salt. Sea salt is dissolved in warm water and rinsed with the resulting throat solution.
Doctors do not recommend self-medication, since this ailment can very quickly go to a chronic stage and then it will be very difficult to cure it. Pharyngotracheitis is best treated under hospital conditions under the supervision of specialists.