Ringworm: Symptoms and Treatment
Lishay is a fungal disease that affects the skin of a person. The disease is accompanied by rashes on the skin (in the form of spots), scaling and slight itching. In the main disease children and people from 30 to 70 years are exposed. Lishay equally affects both men and women.
The etiology of this fungal disease depends on its type. However, we can distinguish several factors that are inherent in all types of this disease:
- contact with unvaccinated animals (cats, dogs, guinea pigs)
- weakened immunity;
- Frequent stressful situations.
In rare cases, there is a genetic predisposition to this disease. In this case, for the development of the pathological process, it is only necessary to create a «convenient» environment for the fungus.
According to statistics, it is the infected animals that are most often carriers of lichen. Therefore even pets must be vaccinated.
The lichen in a person has pronounced symptoms. But for the final diagnosis, instrumental tests should be performed. Common symptoms of deprivation are:
- the formation of spots on the skin of pink, milky color
- peeling around the edges of the spot
- redness of the skin in the spot area
Depending on the type of lichen, the general clinical picture may be supplemented with some more signs.
Types of depriving
In official medicine, these types of lichen are distinguished in humans:
- pink lichen
- discolored or multi-colored lichen
This form of the disease is most common among children, because it is transmitted through animals. Ringworm manifests itself as follows:
- Skin formation in the form of pink spots
- spots on the scalp
- brittleness, hair loss in the affected area
With timely treatment, such a deprivation in a person is treated quite simply and does not cause any serious complications.
This form of fungal pathology is the most «harmless». As a rule, the infection develops against the background of a viral disease that has been transferred — the common cold, the flu. On the body, such a lichen is manifested in the form of small pink spots. After a couple of weeks they begin to peel off, and a slight itch appears. After six weeks, the symptomatology is almost completely gone. However, this does not mean that it is not necessary to treat it. Without adequate treatment, the process can begin to develop again. It is noteworthy that this type of lichen is not contagious.
Pityriasis (multicolored) lichen
In official medicine this form of the disease is called — pityriasis lichen. In the common people it is called multi-colored or sunny, in view of the specific manifestation on the skin.
Spots appear in the back, neck, arms, and even underarms. The disease is seasonal in nature and is most acute in the spring-autumn period.
Such a lichen in a person is not contagious, since the causative agent is a yeast fungus that lives in the body of any person. The pathological process begins to develop only after there are favorable conditions for it or if the person has a genetic predisposition.
Signs of depriving this subspecies are as follows:
- the skin appears milky shades that turn into a dark brown color;
- the pathology on the skin is especially well visible after sunbathing or prolonged exposure to the sun
- small peeling around the edges of the spots.
As a rule, the person does not feel itch or any pain sensations.
The unnatural color of the skin with pityriasis is caused by the disruption of the cells. Fungal infection, getting into the body, begins to produce acid, which disrupts the cells responsible for the production of melanin. Therefore, this characteristic pigmentation is observed on the skin.
Despite the fact that such a lichen is not contagious, a sick person should still have individual hygiene items.
Tinea is the most complex and painful type of this pathology. In addition to general symptoms, there are signs of deprivation:
- severe itching in the area of the affected skin
- an abundant rash on the body.
Since spots on the skin are very itchy, often a person starts to comb them, which leads to the formation of bleeding wounds and an even greater spread of infection.
A pronounced symptom occurs after four weeks. However, in some cases, itching may disturb the patient for several months.
The above types of lichen are manifested most often. But in medical practice it is rare, but still occurs, red flat lichen. It looks like a small red nodule that itches very much. Such a type of lichen can be located not only on the outer skin, but also on mucous membranes and even nails. The women of the age group of 40-60 years are most susceptible to this subtype.
Read more: shingles, its symptoms and treatment.
Despite the fact that the symptoms of the disease are well expressed, yet the final diagnosis can be made only after carrying out diagnostic procedures.
After a personal examination, a bacteriological scraping is carried out from the affected area. According to the results of the study of this material, it is possible to say exactly what form of fungal infection and prescribe the appropriate treatment. It is not advisable to diagnose only according to how the formation looks on the skin.
If you find signs of deprivation described above, or with other incomprehensible rashes on the skin, you should immediately consult an infectious disease doctor or a dermatologist. After the tests, the doctor will diagnose and prescribe the correct treatment. Therefore, to say exactly what to treat a person’s lichen, can only an expert, based on the data of laboratory tests and personal inspection.
The medication intake is rather rare, only when the stage is started. The mandatory treatment program includes such drugs:
- sprays to reduce itching
At the time of the course of treatment, it is strongly recommended not to wet the affected skin with water. If the house has not vaccinated against depriving pets, it should be vaccinated as soon as possible from this fungal disease.
Treatment of shingles and pink lichen is carried out by:
- local ointments to reduce discomfort
- antiviral drugs
With ringworm, the affected areas of the skin are lubricated with iodine solution (5%). Before bed, the skin is smeared with a prescribed ointment.
With pityriasis, doctors prescribe antiviral drugs to the patient. Since painful sensations and itching are almost not observed, local ointments are used rarely.
In the treatment of red lichen planus initially prescribed drugs to reduce pain and itching. Further therapy is aimed at strengthening immunity.
Do not self-medicate, because the symptoms may be similar to allergic reactions or evidence of another disease. Therefore, such «treatment» can only harm your health.
Treatment with folk remedies
Treat almost any type of lichen (except for the red flat type) and can be done through folk recipes. But you can do this only after an accurate diagnosis is made. Treatment depriving in the home can be quite successful if you do it competently.
In the absence of genetic predisposition, lichen is not dangerous for life. In order to prevent the emergence of this disease in your life, you should practice pretty simple rules:
- Wash hands after walking, visiting public places, especially after contacting animals
- do not use extraneous things of personal hygiene — towels, sponges or brushes, combs, slippers
- Strengthen your immunity.