Skin Tuberculosis: Symptoms and Treatment
Tuberculosis of the skin is a dangerous infectious disease caused by a tubercle bacillus (Koch). If previously the ailment was rare, recently it affects more and more people. Tuberculosis of the skin is transmitted by airborne droplets. As a rule, the source is a previously infected person or sick animal.
People come from different age categories, but often they are those who do not adhere to the rules of hygiene, sanitary norms, do not disinfect and air the living quarters. Also at risk are people with weakened immunity, history of infectious diseases, HIV, and a number of chronic diseases.
Symptoms of skin tuberculosis, as a rule, are pronounced clearly. The patient’s condition gradually deteriorates. At first, skin tuberculosis is very similar to some other diseases, so it is important to conduct competent differential diagnosis.
- positive Mantoux reaction (tuberculosis test)
- reduced immunity;
- an allergic reaction
- rashes appear on the skin (yellowish-red, reddish-brown tubercles)
- increase in body temperature.
There are many reasons for the progression of the disease. For example, human living conditions, nutrition, hygiene. Koch’s wand «loves» dampness, poorly lit rooms. The bacterium dies under the sun’s rays, so people are advised to ventilate the premises and as often as possible to carry out wet cleaning. This is an excellent prevention of this disease.
Mycobacterium tuberculosis of the skin often does not get accustomed to healthy skin, as its full development requires a favorable environment.
- collicative skin tuberculosis. It is localized mainly on the neck, jaws and extremities. Nodules of different sizes appear on the skin. As a rule, they are not painful, but they give the person discomfort. After a while they start to increase in size. The skin loses its elasticity and changes its color. In the later stages of collicative skin tuberculosis bleeding ulcers are formed in the lesions;
- miliary-ulcer tuberculosis. This form of tuberculosis develops in patients with tuberculosis of the liver, lungs, intestines. Affects the skin and mucous membranes of the nose, mouth, sphincter. Often this ailment is observed in women. On the skin are formed seals (papules), which can merge and form one continuous focus of infection. Gradually, the papules degenerate into bleeding ulcers. The disease occurs with severe pain syndrome;
- Tuberculosis. A common form of skin tuberculosis. Tuberculosis is often observed in children at an early age and lasts a lifetime. For the disease characterized by the appearance of brown-red rashes (lupom). With palpation, the skin is smooth, but as the disease progresses, it begins to peel off. When pressure is applied to the lupoma, blood is secreted. Luposes during decay form large ulcers. Sometimes the ailment can be complicated by skin cancer or erysipelas. The main method of treatment is surgical. Lumopes are excised or burned with liquid nitrogen;
- warty skin tuberculosis. This form of tuberculosis occurs mainly in adults, especially in men. Warty skin tuberculosis occurs in butchers, veterinarians, and also among medical workers. When viewed from patients on the skin, blue-red tubercles are visible. They are localized in the area of the fingers and on the feet. With pressure on the formation, pus begins to be released from them;
- lichenoid skin tuberculosis. This type of tuberculosis appears in children with weakened immunity, as well as in those suffering from acute tuberculosis of the lungs. It shows lichenoid tuberculosis in the form of rashes of a gray-reddish hue. Skin becomes rough. After treatment of the disease on the skin may remain small scars;
- Papullocrotic skin tuberculosis. This form develops predominantly in children. Localized on the skin of the body, face. Inside the lesion, non-violet purple nodules are formed.
Patients are treated with medication, physiotherapy, and surgical methods. Tuberculosis of the skin is a very dangerous and complex disease, which requires a special approach. In order for the treatment to be most effective, the patient must constantly be in a medical facility under the supervision of doctors. Patients, after the course of treatment, it is recommended to go to recovery in a sanatorium.
Medication therapy includes the use of the following medications:
All medications for the treatment of ailment must be applied strictly under the supervision of the attending physician, in order to avoid the possibility of side effects.
Also, physiotherapeutic procedures are prescribed for treatment. Effective is electrophoresis with anti-tuberculosis drugs.
Surgical intervention is to remove the affected lymph nodes, seals. As a rule, they resort to it if the ailment proceeds in severe form.
Treatment with folk methods
Treatment with folk remedies is shown only in tandem with drug therapy. Only in this case will the maximum effect of treatment be achieved. With the therapeutic purpose apply:
- Thimbus capricata, Veronica officinalis (for lotions). Brew the broth, insist, cool and filter through the gauze bandage;
- root of burdock, elecampane high, St. John’s wort brew, strain through bandage and take for an hour 3 times a day
- extract of rhodiola, eleutherococcus (for the rise of immunity). Take three times a day;
- the juice of a golden mustache must be mixed with badger fat. The finished mixture needs to be smeared with skin;
- Therapeutic bath with herbs. Especially effective way of treatment for skin tuberculosis
Vaccination (BCG) is used to prevent skin tuberculosis. Vaccination is given to children at an early age, as well as at 7 and 14 years. It is also important to undergo a fluorographic examination every year. This will help to detect and cure a dangerous ailment at an early stage. Also it is necessary to limit contacts with the infected person, as Koch’s wand is transmitted by airborne droplets.
Tuberculosis is a very dangerous ailment that, without proper treatment, can provoke the development of complications. Therefore, it is very important to seek medical help immediately if the first signs of the disease appear. An illness at an early stage is much easier to cure. Treatment should be prescribed only by a qualified specialist after diagnosis.