Thrombocytosis: Symptoms and Treatment
Blood curvature is an extremely important thing that provides recovery after an injury. This function is provided by special blood cells — platelets. When platelets in the blood are too small, this is certainly very bad, because then there is a risk of bleeding even from a relatively small injury. However, the opposite case, when the level of platelets is too high, nothing good promises, because it can lead to the formation of blood clots. Elevated levels of platelets in the blood is called thrombocytosis.
Because of what the level of thrombocytes can increase
If we talk about a disease like thrombocytosis, the causes of its occurrence directly depend on the type of disease. It is necessary to distinguish two varieties of this disease: primary and reactive. In the first case, the work of stem cells in the bone marrow is disrupted. As a rule, primary thrombocytosis in children and adolescents is not diagnosed: this form is more common in elderly people — from 60 and above.
Reactive (secondary) thrombocytosis develops against a background of any diseases. The most common among them:
- Infectious diseases of both acute and chronic nature
- Severe hemorrhage
- Iron deficiency in the body (iron deficiency anemia). This reason is especially typical if the platelet count is too high in the blood of a child.
- Cirrhosis of the liver.
- Malignant tumors (especially in the case of neoplasms in the lungs or pancreas).
- Inflammatory processes in the body
In addition to the above reasons, the secondary form of the disease can arise as a response to the reception of such drugs as adrenaline or vincristine, a sharp refusal to take alcohol and heavy operations.
Symptomatic of the disease
Usually, any symptoms occur only with primary thrombocytosis. If the increased amount of platelets in the blood is caused by some ailment, then the symptoms of thrombocytosis in both the adult and the child are easy to miss for signs of a primary disease. However, if the patient undergoes treatment in the hospital, blood tests are done regularly, and it is simply impossible to miss such an alarming sign as the rapid increase in the number of platelets in the blood.
Those who have no history of an illness that can provoke essential thrombocytosis should visit a specialist if the following symptoms were found:
- Hemorrhages of a different nature: nasal, uterine, renal, intestinal, etc. In intestinal bleeding a stool can be found in the feces of a child.
- Pronounced pain at the fingertips. Such symptoms are most typical for an increased number of platelets.
- Constant itching. Of course, such a symptom is typical for many other diseases, in particular, cutaneous. Therefore, just in case the child should be taken to a dermatologist.
- Subcutaneous hemorrhage. If the child has started bruising without cause, then this is a rather alarming sign.
- Puffiness, cyanotic skin.
- Weakness, lethargy.
- Visual impairment.
Of course, the symptoms do not necessarily have to appear all at once — sometimes at an elevated level of platelets indicate 2-3 signs from the list given above. Do not leave them without attention, because this may depend on the health and life of the person: both an adult and a child.
Diagnosis of thrombocytosis
The first thing that begins the diagnosis of any disease, including a disease such as thrombocytosis, is an anamnesis. The doctor needs to know what diseases the patient has suffered earlier (especially this is important for revealing the causes of secondary thrombocytosis), as well as signs indicating the presence of an elevated level of platelets that a person (adult or child) has at the time of treatment. But, of course, it is necessary to conduct additional research and analysis. These are:
- A general blood test. A simple, but very effective way to identify an increased number of platelets in the blood, as well as possible pathologies.
- Bone marrow biopsy
- Ultrasound of the abdominal cavity and pelvic organs
- Molecular studies.
In addition to such studies indicating an elevated level as a whole, a number of tests must also be performed to make sure that thrombocytosis in an adult or child is not caused by any disease or pathology.
How to cure a disease
The main vector specifying how the treatment of thrombocytosis will be treated is a kind of disease and severity. If the thrombocytosis is reactive, then the treatment must first be directed to the root cause, i.e., the disease that caused an increase in the number of platelets in the blood. If thrombocytosis manifests itself as an independent disease, then treatment depends on how much the platelet level deviated from the norm. If such changes are insignificant, then the change in the method of nutrition, as well as the use of traditional medicine, will help to solve the problem. The most effective general treatment with the help of the following products:
- Saturated fats. These include fish oil (it is sold in capsules, so «remember the taste of childhood» will not have to), linseed and olive oil.
- Tomatoes, tomato juice
- Sour berries, citrus fruits.
- Onions, garlic.
Bananas, nuts, black chokeberry, pomegranates, dog rose and lentils are classified as forbidden foods that promote blood viscosity. Also, avoid drinking alcohol, diuretics and various hormonal drugs (including contraceptives).
If the same correction of the diet can not do, then the treatment involves the use of special medication for blood thinning. Their exact names should be clarified in consultation with a doctor.
At first glance, thrombocytosis is not too dangerous, but it is this syndrome that leads to the formation of thrombi, which, in an unfortunate combination of circumstances, can even lead to a fatal outcome. Therefore it is important in case of any problems to immediately go to a specialist and, if necessary, immediately begin treatment.