Thrush during pregnancy: symptoms and treatment
Thrush in early pregnancy and even in 3 trimester in women is often. The causative agent of the yeast fungus type of the genus Candida, and therefore the ailment is often called candidiasis. This fungus lives in the reproductive system, but the population of microorganisms is usually very small and can persist for many years. It is when the fungus population increases, a person has a disease such as thrush.
Since, in view of the peculiarities of the body structure, the disease is more often found in girls, the question of whether it is possible to become pregnant with a thrush and whether it is required to treat it to prevent consequences for the fetus is also topical.
The disease appears for the following reasons:
- wearing synthetic underwear
- trauma to the vagina, which can occur as a result of coarse intercourse;
- unprotected sexual intercourse
- lowered immunity after severe diseases (tuberculosis, diabetes, hypothyroidism)
- a long reception of antibiotics, they kill all useful microorganisms that can fight the fungus
- Vitamin deficiency
- diseases of the genital or urinary systems
- Gastrointestinal illness
- excessive consumption of sweet food (sugar is a «food» for yeast bacteria).
The above reasons can occur, but the main reason why a woman may have a thrush during pregnancy in any trimester is a change in the vaginal microflora. They are caused by an increase in the amount of estrogen and progesterone, which provokes the growth of harmful fungi.
Symptoms of candidiasis are as follows:
- Itching or burning sensations in the area of the female genital organs
- the vaginal discharge is white or yellowish, characterized by a curdiness of consistency. Often have an acidic or «fishy» smell;
- pain during urination or intercourse
It is worth knowing that the above symptoms are not unique to candidiasis, so every woman who finds at least one symptom in her pregnancy in the first or third trimester of pregnancy should contact the gynecologist to clarify the diagnosis and prescribe the treatment. Also thrush in pregnant women requires mandatory delivery of tests.
Danger of disease during pregnancy
Often on sites you can read that thrush is very harmful to the fetus in any trimester, when the infection occurred. However, the answer to the question of whether thrush is dangerous during pregnancy, according to recent medical research, is negative. The main disadvantage, which is characterized by thrush during pregnancy and which needs to be treated, is discomfort for the mother, and this does not affect the fetus.
Another question that is often discussed in the circle of doctors and pregnant girls — is it possible to become pregnant with thrush? To deal with this issue, it is worth considering the features of the course of the disease. The female reproductive system functions based on the normal ratio of acids and alkalis to the vagina. When a woman has a thrush during pregnancy, regardless of the trimester, the balance is broken. If a woman is healthy, then up to 90% of lactic acid bacteria live in her vagina, which are characterized by the production of lactic acid and other substances that are a shield from a variety of diseases.
After the microflora is broken (thrush is found), yeast fungi begin to multiply there, which lowers the acidity of the vagina. In this case, spermatozoa are less likely to survive, but the girl can still get pregnant with thrush.
Despite the fact that, in principle, you can get pregnant with the development of thrush, treatment for this ailment should still be followed. If a woman wants to have a pregnancy, she is required to immediately go to a qualified doctor, make tests and treat pathology when symptoms manifest.
From a thrush during pregnancy, a woman can be cured in any trimester of bearing a child, if she goes to the doctor and undergoes a thorough diagnosis. It provides:
- Bacterioscopy — taking a smear to study the vaginal microflora. It is taken by a gynecologist during the examination with a disposable spatula. The technique of taking the smear is absolutely painless and fast. A smear from the vagina, urethra, as well as the cervix is sent for laboratory testing, and the result is informative enough to form the diagnosis and the purpose of treatment;
- If the smear has not revealed signs of an illness, but «there are» symptoms of candidiasis, then specialists use the culture method for determining the fungus. The material obtained at the time of smear extraction is attached to a medium that promotes the growth of fungi;
- PCR method. It is the most expensive method because of its sensitivity, but is rarely used in diagnosis due to falsity of results.
Symptoms of a disease such as thrush in the early stages of pregnancy can be cured with a variety of drugs. However, with thrush on late pregnancy is contraindicated treatment of many of them. A woman definitely does not need to treat the disease herself, but should consult a doctor who can prescribe the following drugs:
- «Pimafucin». These candles from a thrush during pregnancy can successfully be treated even when taking large doses of antibiotics, and are not harmful to either the mother or the future child. The drug is also available in the form of tablets, but this method of treatment is considered less effective;
- Clotrimazole. Such ointments and candles from thrush during pregnancy are drugs that are prescribed for local treatment;
- Miconazole. It is also a local rather effective drug that can treat even neglected cases.
In addition, to treat candidiasis and offer popular techniques. In particular, it is noted that the most effective are:
- taking a bath with the addition of decoctions of chamomile, oak bark, calendula
- vaginal washout with a solution of salt or glycerin
- A teaspoon of iodine and a tablespoon of soda are added to the water. All this pours into the basin, and the woman needs to sit in it for a bit — about 20 minutes every two days.
Prophylaxis of candidiasis involves the refusal to wear synthetic underwear, control the amount of consumption of foods containing sugar, and compliance with personal hygiene.