Thrush: symptoms and treatment

What is thrush? It is an inflammatory process, the cause of which lies in the yeast-like fungi of the genus Candida. Under normal conditions, these components are contained in the microflora of the oral cavity, the vagina and the large intestine. If their allowable rate is exceeded, then the described pathological process occurs.

Risk Factors

There are such causes of thrush as low immunity, concomitant diseases, improper intake of antibiotics, lack of personal hygiene. Let’s consider the presented reasons of the thrush more.

Impaired immune system

Quite often thrush occurs during the carrying of a child, because it is during this period that the woman’s body is weakened. Despite this, thrush during pregnancy is an abnormal state, as this can have a negative effect on a child’s health.

Reduce the protective functions of the body in addition to pregnancy can the following factors:

  • stressful situations
  • AIDS;
  • infectious disease
  • Tumors.

Wrong reception of antibiotics

Very often, the causes of thrush are antibiotic drugs, the dosage of which has been prescribed incorrectly. Despite the fact that these medicines help cure many diseases, they often cause a number of other pathologies. The woman’s body will not be able to cope with the disease on her own, therefore at the first signs of a malaise she will have to take pills.

The action of antibiotics can destroy all microorganisms, while for them it does not matter whether they are useful or harmful. As a result, there is a disturbance of the microflora of the skin and mucous membranes, and these are suitable conditions for the habitation of pathogens.

Intimate hygiene

Often, the causes of thrush women is the absence or improper adherence to intimate hygiene. Many believe that using alkaline soap, they can prevent the reproduction of fungi. This view is far from being correct. Under such conditions harmful microorganisms feel great and reproduce further. Special cosmetics for intimate hygiene, in which antibiotics are present, also do not give a 100% guarantee. When wearing a narrow and uncomfortable underwear, the natural air circulation is disturbed, so bacteria and fungi can move from the anus to the vagina.

Associated ailments

Thrush is a disease that often develops against the background of diabetes mellitus. The reason is that during this disease there is an increase in glucose in the tissues, and any fungi like sweet. For this reason, even in the absence of diabetes, sweet and flour products should not be misused.

Another cause of thrush are fast foods. Fans of this product often suffer from hypovitaminosis. He, in turn, depresses immunity and affects mucous membranes, so fungi easily enter organs. The lack of vitamins and minerals often also affects the reduction of immune functions, which creates favorable conditions for the growth of bacteria.

What woman does not want to have a beautiful body? For these purposes, she uses a variety of diet for weight loss, but as a result, you can get a fungal infection, like thrush in women. Due to dystrophy, such a disease is difficult to treat. And even with successful therapy after a few weeks, it again affects the female body.

Sexually Transmitted Infections

What is thrush? This disease, the carriers of which can act as two permanent sexual partners. The only thing, at women this pathology possesses more bright expressed character. In the male population thrush is most often asymptomatic. For this reason, the treatment of thrush should be carried out by two partners at the same time.

There are also cases when thrush in women arose due to infection with ailments transmitted through sexual intercourse. The causative agents of sexually transmitted diseases contribute to the formation of a sharp change in the state of the microflora and the cessation of beneficial microbes. The result of this pathological process is the active phase of yeast fungus reproduction, as a result of which the thrush appears.

How does the disease manifest itself?

In every woman, the symptoms of thrush appear in their own way. The reason for this is the individual characteristics of the individual organism, the extent of the disease and the cause that caused it. In addition, the symptoms of thrush in women are different for each type of this disease.

Candidiasis vulvovaginitis

This pathological process, in which thrush affects the mucous membrane of the external genitalia and vagina. The characteristic symptoms of thrush of this kind are:

  1. allocation from the genital tract in sufficient quantity;
  2. the formation of itching, burning sensation and irritation in the genital area
  3. white plaque on the mucous membrane, whose appearance resembles sour milk
  4. pain that affects a woman during sexual contact
  5. an unpleasant odor that resembles sour milk

Candidial vaginitis

This type of pathological process refers to the most frequent variants of candidiasis development. Its characteristic feature is the fact that the fungus causing the inflammatory process not only affects the mucous membrane of the vagina, but also remains there. There are such signs of thrush:

  • On the mucous membrane symptoms of thrush are a sharp reddening and the presence of a dense, thick coating of white.
  • Itching and burning sensation. Symptoms of thrush of this kind affect the vaginal area.

  • Painful sensations when trying to touch the mucous membrane

Candidiasis pyelocystitis

This variant is a complicated course of candidiasis. It is characterized by a deep spread of infection in the mucous membrane of the vagina. The following symptoms of thrush in women are distinguished:

  1. Symptoms of thrush are the formation of deep erosion on the mucous membrane of the vagina. Their color is yellow-white, if they try to remove, then a bleeding wound opens.
  2. Painful sensations

Common manifestations

As a rule, the symptoms of thrush in women give her a lot of inconvenience in the event that there is another exacerbation. The most common symptoms of thrush in its uncomplicated course are:

  • Formation of cheesy discharge, which has a white color and a characteristic acidic odor. Their number may vary with the severity of the lesion.
  • Symptoms of thrush in women are manifested as painful sensations during a trip to the toilet.
  • Pain during sexual intercourse.


Before prescribing an effective treatment for thrush, the doctor must send the patient to a diagnostic study. It involves an examination with a gynecologist, as a result of which he can take a smear and examine it for the presence of fungus. Important in the formulation of the diagnosis are the symptoms of thrush in women. No other diagnostic methods will be needed anymore.

Therapeutic events

How to treat thrush? For these purposes, a set of therapeutic measures is provided, the purpose of which is to eliminate all manifestations of the disease and the hearth of the lesion itself. Treatment of thrush in women includes the following measures:

  1. Recovery and normalization of the immune system
  2. Coping local manifestations of the disease.
  3. Systemic treatment of thrush in women.

Local treatment of thrush involves the use of external means, such as candles and vaginal tablets from thrush for women. Effective external means for thrush are:

  • candles and tablets from yeast infection Antifungol, Kanison, Clotrimazole
  • Gino-travogen Ovulum candles
  • Ginesol candles 7;
  • Pimafucin candles
  • Polizinaks and Terzhinan candles

More doctors prescribe at the same time an ailment of 5-10% borax solution in glycerin. But such a remedy for the thrush is considered old-time and is currently ineffective.

If the disease is mild, then drugs from thrush replaces a single dose of Fluconazole, 150 mg orally. Also for these purposes are used such medications from thrush, as Diflucan, Forkan.

If you do not know how to get rid of thrush, then you should not self-medicate and you need to know that the use of candles and tablets of a wide spectrum of action is not appropriate. The reason is that such candles contribute to the development of gardnerellez. Candles and preparations that have antibacterial properties of wide action, disrupt the normal microflora of the vagina.

How can I still cure thrush? Effective means for thrush are antifungal drugs. Also in the question of how to get rid of thrush, immunotherapy, physiotherapy will help.

All these drugs (candles, pills) can be used to treat thrush at home. But candles and tablets should be used in the dosage prescribed by an experienced doctor.

Preventive measures

To prevent such an ailment as thrush, the following recommendations should be observed:

  1. When taking antibiotics, it is better to use the tablet form of the drug inside.
  2. Linen should be comfortable and made of cotton fabric.
  3. Avoid accidental sexual intercourse.

Thrush is a very insidious disease that gives a woman a lot of unpleasant sensations. There is a large number of funds from thrush, thanks to which you can overcome the disease and eliminate the cause of its formation.