Tracheitis: Symptoms and Treatment
Tracheitis is accompanied by an inflammatory process that manifests itself on the walls of the mucous membrane of the respiratory trachea, which starts from the larynx and branches into many small branches that terminate in the lungs.
Inflammation on the shell occurs as a result of the influence on the trachea of irritants and viral infections, and can be caused by an inhaled inhaled dry or cold air that contains dust, contaminants and bacteria. The disease can affect both adults and children, especially if premature treatment of the common cold is not started.
Are symptoms of the disease transmitted?
Sometimes healthy people are afraid to get sick and try to limit themselves in contact with patients. But is there a need to limit communication with a person who exhibits tracheitis symptoms? To correctly answer the question, it is necessary to find out the cause that caused the onset of the symptom. As is known, the cause of the disease is viral bacteria, which multiply in the human body and can affect healthy organisms. The ways in which bacteria can be transmitted from the patient to the healthy, not so much. The main way of transmission of the virus is through the air-drop contact. A healthy organism becomes infected at the moment of a five-minute conversation with the patient at a distance of 30 cm. Less often the virus penetrates into a healthy body by using household objects, clothing, and dishes.
Being in a non-ventilated room with a sick person, healthy people have a high risk of contracting the symptoms of ailment. Such places can be schools, kindergartens, educational institutions, offices. The body of adults and children with weakened immunity is equally vulnerable to infection by the virus. If the immune system is strong and vitaminized, the risk of infection is reduced to a minimum.
How does the symptom of respiratory disease manifest?
The first cause of acute illness is cough. A distinctive feature of tracheal cough from the usual are attacks of suffocation or deep expectoration emanating from the lungs, and not from the throat. Often this cough worries a person both day and night. With the cough, the patient can complain of severe headaches. High body temperature indicates that the body is subjected to viral penetration. The patient’s body temperature rises to 37.5-38.5 degrees and rarely rises to 39 degrees with exacerbation of symptoms.
The patient’s mucosa has different states and forms. It can also decrease, as if atrophying, and increase, which is due to the swelling of the shell. Often the symptoms of tracheitis are manifested in the form of severe burns in the chest that occur in the bronchi. With the first symptoms, you need immediate medical attention for immediate treatment. In the early stages it is much easier to cure ailment, rather than at the moment of disease prosperity. Doctors warn that self-medication contributes to the prosperity and complication of the disease, especially if to conduct improper treatment.
One of the varieties of a viral disease that often occurs in people who have not treated the main symptom and have not been examined in a hospital. But also arises due to protracted tracheitis symptoms, heart, nose and mouth diseases. Symptoms of chronic manifestation of ailment are:
- Deep and sharp cough, often manifested at night;
- periodic increase in body temperature to 37 degrees also mainly at night;
- burning in the throat.
Curing a chronic species is much more difficult, and treatment is sometimes delayed for an indefinite period. Therefore, the earlier the fight against the disease is started, the more likely it is to cure the mucous membrane of the body. People who lead an unhealthy lifestyle and use harmful substances that cause a weakening of the immune system are often prone to the disease.
Symptomatic of disease in children
In children, the disease manifests itself during the period of flu. Influenza viruses affect the tracheal mucosa and spread throughout the branch. Initially, it manifests itself in the form of an ordinary cough that develops into a deep and wet cough reflex with a liquid secretion (cough). Especially for children, it is dangerous not to take measures to fight the disease, because, as usual, long-term anxiety develops into a chronic illness or even into a severe clinical form.
Both types are dangerous, chronic is difficult to cure, and a clinical severe form can cause pneumonia of the lungs, which already poses a real threat to life. Therefore, do not underestimate the complexity of the disease and carry out treatment in time. If in time at the initial stages of the development of the disease begin treatment, then in a couple of weeks you can cure and rid the body of cough, viruses and bacteria.
As for children, it is they who tolerate the treatment easier, in comparison with adults. The organism in adults, especially the elderly is no longer so young and strong, so it is more difficult for them to bear the ailment.
How is the disease diagnosed?
Only a doctor can diagnose a tracheitis, so you need to consult a therapist. It is difficult to determine only chronic tracheitis, this therapist may require the conclusion of an otolaryngologist. It will be necessary to donate blood, a swab of nose and throat, a sowing tank and then the therapist’s conclusion about the presence of a virus in the organism.
Acute tracheitis in the initial stages in both children and adults is much easier to detect, especially if the patient is influenza at this time. The therapist needs only one examination and the diagnosis will be made without additional tests.
The main effective method of how to treat a tracheitis in adults is the length of time before taking action, and the more it is, the more difficult the treatment will be.
With symptoms of acute illness
Acute tracheitis is treated in adults in such ways:
- To eliminate cough, hot tea drinking with honey is prescribed, the use of medicines: Libeksin, Kodein. For the possibility of expectoration of wet secretions, a therapeutic herb thermopsis or licorice or althaea root is used.
- To eliminate the burning sensation in the chest, which indicates the defeat of the bronchial branch virus, the mustard must be applied to the breast, rubbing (in the absence of elevated temperature).
- To reduce heat, antipyretic drugs are prescribed for adults: paracetamol, Coldreks, Coldakt, etc., and for children it is better to use paracetamol in the form of rectal suppositories or Panadol BEBI, the dosage depends on the adolescent’s age.
- Antibiotics are sometimes prescribed for tracheitis or sulfonamide preparations.
Treatment of symptoms of chronic illness in adults
Chronic tracheitis is treated in the same ways as acute. The only difference is that the treatment can be delayed for a long time, so it’s important to watch the doctor. If the effect is ineffective — treatment is carried out by other drugs.
Treatment of a disease in children
How to treat a tracheitis in children? & Raquo; — a fairly common question that arises in every adult. To answer the question, we will consider the main stages of treatment of acute tracheitis in children.
Step 1. Inhalation
It is possible to carry out inhalations with tracheitis in medical institutions, but also at home. In medicine, steam and ultrasonic inhalation are used. At home, you can arrange steam inhalation for children and conduct sessions at least twice a day. For this, a metal kettle is used, in which water and medicinal oils are added: menthol and anise, and iodine and eucalyptus leaves can be added. All this is boiled and after the inhalation of the vapors of these herbs through the nose and mouth. At the time of inhalation of the vapor, it is necessary to cover the children with a towel. Inhalations with tracheitis can warm up the airways up to the bronchi itself.
Stage 2. Rasting
Children can only be triturated by stabilizing to normal body temperature. Rastirka is performed by special medical ointments in the chest and neck area. You can put mustard plasters and parachute your feet before shaving. Rasting is usually done at night.
Step 3: Using medicines
Depending on the age of the baby, he is prescribed potions and pills that allow him to fight the symptoms of influenza and inflammation of the tracheal shell. The use of vitamin C is mandatory, as this will strengthen the immune system and increase the protective function of the body.
To prevent even the appearance of symptoms, it is necessary to constantly maintain the immune system at the proper level and play sports. Daily hardening and jogging in the morning will benefit and provide the body with reliable protection against viral diseases. Rejection of bad habits will bring double benefit — will save from daily meaningless waste of money and will strengthen health.