Tuberculosis of the intestine: symptoms and treatment


Intestinal tuberculosis is an infectious disease caused by a tubercle bacillus, and transmitted by airborne droplets. This ailment is very dangerous, since it is extremely difficult to detect and cure it in the early stages. In patients who died of tuberculosis, in 60-90% of cases it is precisely tuberculosis of the intestine.

In children, infection is most often due to the consumption of milk from a cow that is sick with tuberculosis. Also, the ailment can affect adults.

Reasons

A tubercle bacillus can enter the intestine with saliva, sputum, or an airborne droplet from an infected patient. Also, a tubercle bacillus can enter through the lymph nodes or other organs if a person already has pulmonary tuberculosis in the history.

Symptoms

Tuberculosis is mostly asymptomatic, so it is very difficult to identify the disease and begin timely treatment.

The main symptoms of intestinal tuberculosis:


  • the appearance of pain;
  • diarrhea, constipation
  • gag reflex, nausea;
  • Sealings are often palpated,
  • flatulence;
  • soreness of the cecum;
  • appearance in the stool of blood.

Diagnosis

It is important to correctly diagnose intestinal tuberculosis, as an ailment can be hidden under different types of diseases and it is extremely difficult to determine it.

Diagnostic Techniques:


  1. X-ray examination of the intestine (thin, thick and rectum). Thanks to this method, a change in the walls of the organ is revealed, a violation of its operability;
  2. Endoscopic (colonoscopy) examination. This type of examination allows you to carefully examine the walls of the intestine, which makes it possible to detect ulcerous processes. Also during the study, it is possible to take tissue particles for histological and microbiological examination.

Treatment

The treatment of intestinal tuberculosis is the use of a course of antibiotics and chemotherapy. The course of treatment lasts 12-18 months.

For medication use such drugs:


  • streptomycin;
  • ftivazide;
  • tubazid;
  • para-aminosalicylic acid.

Surgical treatment for intestinal tuberculosis is not always required, only in cases where spikes are found in the small or large intestine, as well as in the rectum.

Diet

With this disease, it is recommended to eat food that is easily digested. Patients with intestinal tuberculosis are prescribed high-calorie food:






  1. soups (low-fat);
  2. meat cutlets (beef, poultry, rabbit, chicken and turkey meat)
  3. fresh boiled fish
  4. cottage cheese;
  5. soft-boiled eggs
  6. Omelet
  7. butter;
  8. milk;
  9. kefir
  10. porridge on milk (rice, oats, semolina)
  11. Fresh fruit juices

From the diet should be deleted:


  • Pork
  • goose meat
  • mutton;
  • Smoked products
  • beans
  • Canned food

Often, patients with intestinal tuberculosis have digestive disorders (diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain), but these symptoms can indicate not only this disease, so it is important to conduct competent differential diagnosis.

When using synthetic drugs, there may also be an intestinal disorder. Especially often this condition develops when treated with PASC.

If a patient has severe diarrhea, then the doctor necessarily adjusts his diet. The following products are removed from the ration:


  1. bread black, white bread;
  2. raw vegetables
  3. fruit;
  4. restriction in the use of meat.

Patients should never be engaged in self-medication, as this can be detrimental to health.

Prevention

Intestinal tuberculosis is a very dangerous ailment that requires timely and adequate treatment. It is also important to take time to prevent it. After all, everyone knows that it is much easier to prevent the development of pathology than to treat it later.

Vaccination (BCG) is the prophylactic method. The vaccine is given in children at an early age, the following is carried out at the age of 7 and 14 years.

Prevention of infirmity in children is to avoid contact with infected people, as well as not to eat non-boiled cow milk. In adults, prophylaxis consists in an annual fluorographic examination, which makes it possible to identify the disease at an early stage and begin timely treatment. It is also recommended to keep clean houses, daily to ventilate the premises and perform wet cleaning. All these measures will help reduce the risk of infection with a tubercle bacillus.