Ureaplasma: symptoms and treatment
Ureaplasma causes men and women such a pathology as ureaplasmosis. Until 1998, the medical community attributed the infection to sexually transmitted diseases, but it was later decided that the pathogen belongs to a conditionally pathogenic microflora, that is, a microorganism that is in a healthy state in the body in an insignificant amount, but can cause the disease when The emergence of favorable conditions for its active reproduction. Thus, despite the fact that ureaplasma is not an STD, it is still transmitted from person to person through sexual contact (in 45% of cases). But it can be infected by the household way (usually, this leads to the development of ureaplasma infection in various organs). An infection is also transmitted from the pregnant woman to the child during childbirth.
Despite the fact that ureaplasma belongs to opportunistic microorganisms, the problems caused by it can be very serious. In particular, ureaplasma in men can cause such pathologies as:
- inflammatory processes in the urethra
- inflammation in the seminal vesicles
The microorganism inhabits the urethra and foreskin, therefore, after the incubation period after infection, which may last several weeks, the men may develop characteristic symptoms.
Ureaplasma in women causes even more serious health problems — from endometritis to infertility, from the emergence of a threat of miscarriage during pregnancy to fetal development anomalies. That is why it is so important to see the symptoms of the disease and to seek medical help in good time before the pregnancy. And women who do not plan to conceive should be treated in a timely manner such a pathology as ureaplasma, in order to avoid severe consequences.
Causes of development in men and women of ureaplasmosis, which causes ureaplasma, is the active multiplication of the microorganism in the body of the carrier. This occurs mainly when the protective forces of the body are reduced, which can occur because of:
- permanent stress;
- long-term use of antibacterial drugs
- taking hormonal drugs for a long time;
- the presence of chronic foci of infection in the body
- having a history of various sexual infections
- Some internal diseases that affect the body’s immune defenses
- in conditions of immunodeficiency.
In addition, a disease like ureaplasma develops if there are some predisposing factors. For example, if a woman leads an active sex life with a frequent change of sexual partners. Also predisposing factors are:
- early onset of sexual activity
- age under 30;
- poor social conditions
- violation of the natural microflora of the vagina;
- refusal to use condoms for new sexual contacts
Ureaplasma is a pathology that in most cases is asymptomatic. And if a woman still has minor manifestations of the disease, then men have no symptoms in more than 50% of cases.
The main symptoms and manifestations of the disease in women can be as follows:
- abundant, transparent discharge, which differs from those typical of a woman usually;
- sensation of pain in the abdomen;
- development of cystitis;
- development of the inflammatory process in the cervical canal
Sometimes the body temperature may slightly increase — to subfebrile indices. There may also be weakness, malaise, decreased performance and other symptoms of general impairment.
If we talk about the symptoms of such a disease as ureaplasma, in men, it can be:
- painful urination
- pain in the abdomen, in the scrotum, in the perineal region
- morning urine clouding.
Sometimes, the process progresses, which can cause more serious symptoms, such as the appearance of pus in the urethral opening, the appearance of itching and burning, redness and swelling of this area.
As already mentioned, this disease is transmitted during sexual intercourse, so its extremely asymptomatic forms are a very serious threat. In this case, the carrier does not know that he has a ureaplasma, and can pass it to a partner whose symptoms of the pathology may or may not be manifested, because of what the further spread occurs. Therefore, since the infection is transmitted through sexual intercourse, it is important to use condoms to prevent its further spread. This is prevention, and in most cases helps to protect yourself from the disease.
Diagnosis and treatment features
Note that the symptoms of a disease such as ureaplasma in women and men can be inherent in other pathologies, in particular, STDs, so the diagnosis plays an important role. The diagnosis is made on the basis of sowing on bacterial flora or the purpose of PCR analysis. In sowing, ureaplasma is detected in an unacceptable amount, and PCR diagnostics makes it possible to isolate the DNA of the parasite.
Such doctors as gynecologist, venereologist or urologist are engaged in the treatment of ureaplasma. The main drugs that are prescribed for patients with this disease are antibiotics. And mainly used antibiotics tetracycline, as well as macrolides. The course of treatment is developed individually, taking into account the symptoms and the patient’s condition, but on average is 10 to 14 days.
Treatment of ureaplasma in women can also include carrying out local procedures such as douching, as well as physiotherapy procedures. In addition, women require the use of drugs that restore vaginal flora. The treatment shows the use of immunomodulators, which increase the body’s defenses, such as Lysozyme, Decaris and other means.