Ureaplasmosis: symptoms and treatment
Ureaplasmosis is a sexually transmitted disease and an affected genitourinary system. Ureaplasmas are able to enter the body with oral-genital contacts, vertical mother-to-child transmission during the period of delivery, and genital contact. Symptoms of ureaplasmosis in women and men are different. But it happens that the manifestations are very similar to the signs of absolutely other diseases.
Factors contributing to the onset of the disease
The following are the main causes of ureaplasmosis:
- unprotected sexual intercourse
- early sexual life
- Fickle sexual partner
- use of other personal care products
- non-fulfillment of personal hygiene
- unbalanced and poor quality food
- Viral disease transferred;
- poor social living conditions
- bad habits;
- stress and persistent nervous breakdown
- radiation exposure
- use of hormonal and antibacterial drugs
- use of other people’s linen and towels
Manifestation of an ailment in women
Today, in most women, the symptoms of ureaplasmosis, like other sexually transmitted diseases, can be hidden. Women do not notice any changes in the menstrual cycle, they have no pain and pathological discharge from the vagina. In the case of a decrease in immunity or the onset of pregnancy, the disease ceases to be asymptomatic, and the woman begins to observe signs of ureaplasmosis. The manifestations of this ailment are not very specific and are similar to those of other diseases that can be transmitted during sexual intercourse. Based on this, the following symptoms of ureaplasmosis in women are distinguished:
- Vaginal discharge. As a rule, they are colorless and odorless. If you have found a secretion of yellow or yellow-green hue, and an unpleasant smell has appeared, you can safely say about the onset of the inflammatory process.
- Painful sensations in the lower abdomen. By their nature, pain resembles a rub. Such a sign may indicate an inflammatory disease in the uterus and its appendages.
- Symptoms of angina (pain in the throat, purulent deposits on the tonsils). Such signs of the disease occur in the case of infection by the oral-genital way.
- Frequent visits to the toilet in a small way, during the urination there is pain and burning sensation in the urethra.
- Pain and discomfort in the vagina during and after sex.
Even when this disease does not disturb a woman and does not cause any unpleasant sensations in him, it is necessary to treat him without fail and only under the supervision of a specialist, and not with the help of folk remedies. In case of untimely and incorrect therapy, ureaplasmosis acquires a chronic form, and then treatment will be much more difficult.
In case of acquiring a chronic disease, ureaplasma is deposited on the mucous membranes of the genital organs and is fully activated. From time to time, there may be exacerbations of the disease, which are associated with inflammatory and catarrhal diseases, stress, excessive physical exertion and other factors. There can be a serious deterioration in the condition, which, in addition to the above manifestations, can be characterized by an increase in body temperature and other signs of intoxication syndrome.
Ureaplasmosis can cause a number of diseases such as:
Because of the formation of adhesive processes in the uterus, as well as its appendages, a woman can be sterile . Ureaplasmosis in pregnancy can provoke miscarriage, as well as premature birth. To prevent this from happening, it is necessary to treat the disease even during pregnancy.
Manifestation of an ailment in men
As a rule, men do not consult a doctor because of the presence of ureaplasmosis, but because of complications that arise, because the most often presented disease is asymptomatic.
The period of infection and the appearance of the first symptoms of an illness can last several months. In this asymptomatic period, a sick man, not knowing about the disease, can become a carrier of the causative agent of infection for his sexual partner. A sick man can complain of a burning sensation in the urethra during urination, in some cases mucous discharge from the urethra occurs.
The presented symptoms of ureaplasmosis in men can independently go away for a certain time, and then reappear. If the time does not begin to treat this disease, then there may be inflammation in the urethra, epididymis or male infertility. The main complications of the disease include the following:
- Urethritis is the most common complication of the presented disease. For such ailment, there are rezi, pain, burning sensation in the urethra and discomfort during urination. There were cases when the disease was cured on its own. In the absence of treatment, the ailment acquires a chronic form, and each aggravation will be much more severe than the previous one.
- Epididymitis is an inflammatory disease that affects the epididymis. This complication of ureaplasmosis occurs extremely rarely. As a rule, this disease does not cause pain and various discomforts, but an increase and consolidation of the epididymis is observed. This type of complication requires immediate medical attention.
- Prostatitis can also cause ureaplasmosis in neglected form. Patients complain of difficulty urinating, frequent urge to toilet, pain and discomfort in the perineum. After a while, erectile dysfunction can occur, including impotence.
- Infertility in men with ureaplasmosis also occurs frequently, but in case the disease is in a chronic stage. If the therapy is performed correctly and there are no various health problems, the reproductive function in men is restored.
Such an ailment as ureaplasmosis can be diagnosed by the following methods:
- Molecular biological method. At the given diagnostics it is possible to find out, presence or absence in a researched sample a ureaplasma. But the amount of this microorganism this diagnostic method can not determine.
- Serological method (detection of antibodies). This diagnostic method is assigned to identify the causes of miscarriage, infertility, as well as inflammatory diseases in the postpartum period.
- Bacteriological (culture method). Such diagnostics is based on growing ureaplasmas in an artificial nutrient medium. For the study, you need to take a swab from the vaults of the vagina, the urethral mucosa. Only the presented method of research will allow to determine the amount of ureaplasmas, which is sufficient for the development of this ailment. The bacteriological method is considered to be decisive when deciding on the therapy of ureaplasmosis.
The scheme of treatment of ureaplasmosis should be prescribed only by a doctor. It will include the following action plan:
- Taking antibacterial drugs. The choice of the required antibiotic, its dosage and the admission scheme is carried out on an individual basis for each woman and every man. Very often combined oral antibacterial drugs and their local use as syringes or vaginal suppositories.
- The use of immunomodulating drugs and eubiotics to prevent disruption of the composition of the vaginal and gastrointestinal microflora
- Compliance with the diet: the exclusion of fried, salted and spicy pi, the prohibition on alcohol.
- Failure to have sexual intercourse.
During the period of gestation, the therapy of ureaplasmosis begins after 22 weeks. Heal this disease is needed not only for the patient, but also for all his sexual partners. Upon completion of the course of therapy, the patient is assigned a follow-up examination.
Prevention of disease
For those who do not want to expose their body to such a test as ureaplasmosis, you need to exclude casual sex. If they are still present, then during sexual intercourse should always use condoms. It is advisable to have the same sexual partner. In case of detection of ureaplasmosis in the sexual partner, you need to undergo a test and a certain course of therapy to prevent the formation of complications of the disease.
Emergency prevention of the onset of sexually transmitted infections involves the administration of antiseptics to the urethra (Chlorhexidine, Miramistin). The use of these drugs is effective only in the first hours after accidental sexual contact.
However, in this case, you need to be very careful not to abuse the presented medicines. With the frequent introduction of antiseptics into the urethra, there may be a burn of the mucous membrane of the urethra, as well as an allergic urethritis. An excellent preventive measure for the prevention of sexually transmitted diseases is the strengthening of immunity.
Ureaplasmosis is a dangerous inflammatory disease that carries with it unpleasant symptoms and consequences. To treat ailment it is necessary in time at occurrence of even the slightest symptom inherent in ureaplasmosis. Only then can you heal the disease and avoid complications such as infertility.