Uvulitis: Symptoms and Treatment

Uvulit is an inflammatory disease that affects a small process that is located on the back edge of the palate. As a rule, this process is characterized by severe pain, difficulty breathing and sensation of a foreign body in the throat. According to the International Classification of Diseases of the Tenth Revision (ICD 10), this disease is assigned code K12.2. Treatment of this disease is prescribed only by a doctor, after carrying out all the necessary laboratory and instrumental diagnostic procedures.



Etiology

To etiological factors that can trigger the development of this inflammatory process, it is necessary to attribute the following:


  • tonsillitis;
  • rhinitis
  • sinusitis;
  • consequences of adenotomy
  • pharyngitis
  • caries
  • Tonsillar abscess;
  • ingress of pathogenic microorganisms into the oral cavity
  • mechanical damage to the tab;
  • an allergic reaction
  • Thermal damage to the mouth as a result of eating too hot, spicy food, excessive amounts of alcohol
  • side effects of certain medications.

In rare cases, the etiology of this disease can not be established. In the risk group are people who have removed tonsils or adenoids.

Classification

By the nature of the current, there are two forms of the disease — acute and chronic. The acute form of the disease is most suitable for treatment.

According to the provoking factor, these forms of the inflammatory process are distinguished:


  1. Medicinal;
  2. traumatic;
  3. bacterial;
  4. Viral
  5. allergic.

The most commonly diagnosed infectious type of disease.

Symptoms

The chronic form of the disease can not be manifested for a long time, which leads to delayed diagnosis, more complex and prolonged treatment.

The acute form of this inflammatory process is characterized by the following symptoms:


  • Edema and redness of the palatine tongue
  • the sensation of a foreign body in the throat;
  • increase in body temperature;
  • headache, drowsiness;
  • sore throat
  • difficulty breathing due to the swelling of the palatine language
  • muscle weakness and pain
  • The palatine tongue can «sag» and reach the mouthpiece
  • speech disturbance, the patient can not pronounce some sounds
  • increased salivation;
  • vomiting, which is very rarely accompanied by vomiting.

In the allergic nature of this disease, the above clinical picture can be supplemented by such symptoms:


  1. cough;
  2. rash or itching on the skin
  3. increased tear
  4. runny nose.

It should be noted that such symptoms can be observed in other diseases of the upper respiratory tract, therefore, it is strongly recommended that self-treatment at home is not recommended, as this can lead to the development of serious complications. A correct course of treatment can be prescribed only by an otolaryngologist, after the examination and accurate diagnosis.

Diagnostics

In the presence of the above symptoms, you should consult your doctor. First of all, the complaints, the history of the disease and life are clarified, followed by an objective examination of the patient. To diagnose and identify the nature of this inflammatory process, laboratory diagnostic methods can be prescribed-general and biochemical blood analysis, general urinalysis. Additional diagnostic methods can be assigned individually for each patient.

Based on the examination and the established diagnosis, the doctor prescribes a treatment program. In most cases, hospitalization of the patient is not required.

Treatment

Treatment of uvulitis is complex, includes both taking medications and physiotherapy.




Medication therapy may include taking such drugs:


  • non-steroidal anti-inflammatory;
  • antibiotics
  • antiallergic (if the cause of inflammation is an allergic reaction);
  • glucocorticosteroids;
  • Antivirus;
  • antiseptic sprays

Such physiotherapy procedures can also be prescribed:


  1. inhalations;
  2. UHF
  3. Magnetotherapy
  4. Electrophoresis.

This disease is not an exception and treatment by folk remedies, but only in consultation with the attending physician and as an adjunct to the main course of treatment.

Traditional medicine suggests, in this case, rinsing the throat with decoctions of such herbs:


  • Chamomile Pharmacy
  • Sage
  • Eucalyptus.

These herbs relieve acute symptoms, reduce swelling and inflammation. However, one must understand that only these funds will not be enough to completely eliminate the disease.

In general, this disease has a favorable prognosis, but provided that the treatment is started in a timely and correct manner.

Prevention

As a prevention, the following recommendations should be observed:


  1. timely and completely treat all ailments of ENT organs, especially of an infectious nature
  2. exclude mechanical damage to the oral cavity, upper respiratory tract
  3. observe oral hygiene
  4. Do not self-medicate.




If you feel unwell and the symptoms of the above clinical picture, you need to contact the otolaryngologist, and not treat the disease yourself.